China Meteorological Administration faces extreme weather challenges

China Meteorological Administration faces extreme weather challenges

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Published

31 August 2010

China has witnessed sudden, extreme and concurrent meteorological disasters in 2010, causing widespread damage. Since May, 14 successive torrential rains hit South China and broad areas to the south of the Yangtze River, leading to flooding. Since June, high temperature events have frequently occurred, breaking historical extremes. In July, torrential rains in North China caused severe floods. In August, frequent heavy rains led to floods, landslides, mud-rock flows, causing serious damage to economic and social activities. On 8 August, Zhouqu County, Gansu Province, in Northwest China, was hit by a devastating flood and mud-rock flow, which killed nearly 1 450 people and left more than 300 missing.

Facing frequent extreme weather and climate events, the China Meteorological Administration (CMA) has always put meteorological disaster preparedness and mitigation at the top of its agenda, making full use of meteorological satellites, radars, GPRS, lightning location system and other modern observation equipment to enhance monitoring, forecast and warning of emerging severe weather events. By 24 August 2010, the Central Meteorological Office issued more than 620 forecasts and early-warnings on meteorological disasters, of which 223 focused on heavy rain, 176 were related to high-temperature, and 34 were typhoon warnings.

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