Services Commission

Services Commission

The Commission for Weather, Climate, Water and Related Environmental Services & Applications (Services Commission) contributes to the development and implementation of globally harmonized weather, climate, water, ocean and environment related services and applications to enable informed decision making and realization of socioeconomic benefits by all user communities and society as a whole.

Visit the Community Platform for membership and activities of the Services Commission.

 

The Services Commission encompasses application areas with substructures as needed to implement the WMO strategic plan including, but not limited to:

  • Regulated and existing meteorological services (covered by WMO Technical Regulations (WMO-No. 49), in accordance with General Terms of Reference 2): aeronautical meteorological services, marine and oceanographic meteorological services, agrometeorological services, public weather services, climatological services, hydrological services.
  • Emerging services under development (currently subject of studies and evaluation for possible inclusion in regulated services, in accordance with General Terms of Reference 1): urban services, environmental services, multi-hazard early warning services, polar and mountain area services, health, energy, water management, land transportation, other, as may become necessary.
  • Potential category for hydrological services.

 

The Services Commission shall promote a holistic approach to services and service delivery and assist Members to apply: risk-based decision-making in support of disaster risk preparedness and reduction; a service-oriented culture; a strong user focus with ‘fit-for-purpose’ services; quality management in service delivery; standards for competence and qualification of personnel; mutually-beneficial public-private engagement providing optimized service delivery and added value to the society; accelerated uptake of advanced technology for service delivery; systematic evaluation of socio-economic benefits and other relevant market-oriented evaluations of products and services.

The activities of the Services Commission shall be guided by the WMO Strategic Plan and the WMO Strategy for Service Delivery.

 

Specific Terms of Reference

Development and maintenance of WMO normative material related to service delivery, as specified in WMO Technical Regulations, Volume I and its relevant Annexes, the Commission shall:

  • Coordinate development of new service-oriented regulatory material in all application areas of its scope based on identified needs of Members
  • Keep the service-related regulatory material up-to-date through regular amendments, as necessary
  • Ensure the consistency of the new and amended regulatory material across the application areas
  • Enhance capacity for prediction and service delivery
  • Consider relevant scientific and technological developments to ensure the currency of the regulatory material
  • Together with the COIIS and the Research Board, coordinate linking science, infrastructure and services interactively
  • Accompany recommendations for new and amended regulatory material with related impact, cost-benefit, and risk analysis

Common service delivery attributes – the Commission shall:

  • Promote service-oriented culture in all relevant application areas including a customer focus, quality management, understanding of the value and socioeconomic benefits
  • Share best practices and develop harmonized methodologies for user engagement including identification of requirements and establishment of feedback mechanisms with users necessary for continuous improvement of services
  • Develop methodologies for impact-based products and services in all application areas, innovative service delivery methods and integrated platforms
  • Ensure harmonization of requirements for competency and qualification of personnel involved in service delivery
  • Develop common methodology for verification and validation of information and service delivery as part of quality management
  • Build through appropriate studies and projects a better understanding of the economics of service delivery, cost-recovery mechanisms, commercial and market elements, and develop respective guidance to Members
  • Seek the engagement of service providers from private sector and academia
  • Promote global and regional partnerships, including building upon existing partnerships and networks among communities of practice among the service areas, which are beneficial for WMO Members

Assistance to Members to enhance service delivery capabilities and enable effective implementation and compliance – the Commission shall:

  • Consult with regional associations and Members to identify needs for new and improved services and analyse related capabilities, and best practices
  • Consult with regional associations to identify experts who can participate in technical commission teams, to facilitate implementation and uptake of evolving services and applications, standards and regulations at national and regional levels
  • Facilitate the implementation by developing guidance material aligned with the promulgation of new and amended regulatory material
  • In consultation with the regional associations, identify needs for assistance to Members and provide relevant guidance and capacity development activities including training
  • Propose pilot and demonstration projects as necessary
  • Facilitate transfer of knowledge and best practices by supporting relevant events and through communication and outreach activities

Cooperation and partnership – the Commission shall:

  • Establish close coordination and efficient working mechanisms with relevant international organizations such as ICAO, IMO, FAO in the area of service delivery
  • Establish consultative mechanisms with user organizations to receive feedback and advice on services
  • Consider opportunities for leveraging resources through establishment of joint, including inter-agency, bodies and/or projects addressing common areas of service delivery
Composition

The composition of the Services Commission shall be in accordance with General Regulation 143.

Participation of leading technical experts in services and applications in the field of meteorology, climatology, hydrology, ocean and the other fields covered by these terms of reference, shall be ensured by Members.

UN, international organizations and private sector partners of WMO may be invited to nominate technical experts in their areas of expertise to participate in the work of the Commission in accordance with General Regulation 143.

Working procedures

The Services Commission shall elect a president and three vice-presidents among the experts on the Commission.

The Services Commission shall establish effective and efficient working mechanisms and related necessary time-limited subsidiary bodies:

  • Make effective use of a broad community of practice encompassing Members collective expertise, including the private and academia sectors
  • Establish a work programme with concrete deliverables and timelines, aligned with the Organization-wide Strategic and Operating Plan and monitor progress regularly appropriate performance indicators and targets
  • Use effectively electronic forms of coordination and collaboration
  • Establish effective coordination with other technical commissions, the Research Board, the Joint WMO-IOC Collaborative Board and other relevant bodies, in particular through the Executive Council’s Technical Coordination Committee, as appropriate
  • Organize effective communication and outreach to inform community of ongoing work, achievements and opportunities
  • Apply a system for recognition of achievements, promotion of innovation and the participation of young professionals
  • Ensure regional and gender balance and inclusiveness in all its structures and work plans
  • Ensure adequate representation and consultation with communities of practice among the service areas

Standing Committees and Working Groups

The Joint Session of the Technical Commissions and the Research Board, held by correspondence from 18 March to 15 May, established the Standing Committees and Study Groups below as a substructure for the Services Commission.

Standing Committee on Services for Aviation (SC-AVI)

Purpose

To contribute, in close collaboration with the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) and other partners and consistent with the implementation of the WMO Strategic Plan, to furthering the international standardization of meteorological services for international air navigation and to provide assistance to Members with aeronautical meteorological services to achieve compliance with those standards

To promote and facilitate, in collaboration with the WMO regional associations and other relevant WMO constituent bodies, the international sharing of implementation experience and good practice, uptake and exchange of scientific and technological advancement (including pilot projects where appropriate) to meet evolving user requirements for high-quality, borderless, harmonized and cost-effective aeronautical meteorological information and services

To co-lead, with ICAO and other relevant stakeholders, the long-term planning and development of enhanced aeronautical meteorological information and services in support of the future globally interoperable, harmonized air traffic management system, and additionally, to support the integration of meteorological information (including observations, forecasts, warnings and alerts) into air traffic management systems and decision-support, including transition of new capabilities into operational and impact-based information services enabled by the science-for-services value chain and projects such as AvRDP (Aviation Research and Development Project)

To analyse, in collaboration with SC-CLI and/or other relevant WMO bodies, the impacts of climate change and variability, including extreme weather and climate events, on aviation operations on the ground and in the air and clearly communicate these impacts proactively to ICAO and other relevant stakeholders

To promote, in cooperation with ICAO, regional bodies and Members, efficient and effective governance of aeronautical meteorological service provision through the development and/or enhancement of appropriate cost-recovery mechanisms (including for regional and sub-regional service provision), information and data exchange policies and good practices

To develop, in collaboration with relevant WMO programmes as well as ICAO, guidance, training material and other educational/learning outreach to assist Members in the implementation of quality management systems and compliance with the competency and qualification requirements of personnel providing meteorological service for international air navigation, with an emphasis on developing and least developed countries

To respond to Members’ aeronautical meteorology prioritized needs and support capacity development activities, in cooperation with WMO regional associations, ICAO and other relevant partners, aiming to enhance the delivery of fit-for-purpose, high-quality, borderless, harmonized and cost effective aeronautical meteorological services, particularly within developing and least developed countries

To enhance, through effective communication and outreach, global and regional collaboration and partnership in aeronautical meteorology amongst Members and their aeronautical service providers, aviation stakeholders and other partners

To provide advice, upon request, to INFCOM and its subsidiary bodies on the benefits of aircraft-based meteorological observations, including those derived through the WMO AMDAR programme, to improve services for aviation.

Expertise Required
  • Meteorology and related sciences including climatology
  • Volcanology and related sciences including geophysics and geodesy
  • Space physics and aeronomy including space weather
  • Meteorological and other environmental hazards, such as releases of radioactive material and other toxic chemicals, with impacts on aviation
  • Aeronautical meteorology service delivery including for observations/reports, forecasts, warnings/alerts and advisories
  • Cost recovery and governance of aeronautical meteorological services
  • National and international civil aviation regulations
  • Aviation operations (ground and air) and associated aviation user requirements
  • Observing and forecasting systems design and operation, including but not limited to weather radar and meteorological satellite remote-sensing, nowcasting and short-range prediction, plus training thereon [Islamic Rep. of Iran]
  • Meteorological codes and data representation
  • Information management and information exchange systems
  • Artificial intelligence and machine learning technologies
  • Quality management systems and (aviation) safety management systems
  • Education and training, competency and qualification of personnel
  • Communications and outreach
Membership

Approximately 18 technical experts selected from the Expert Network by the president of the commission assisted by the management group and Secretariat but for example could comprise [President SERCOM]:

  • Chair
  • Vice-chair(s) [Republic of Korea]
  • Leads and/or co-leads of subsidiary bodies
  • ICAO representative(s) (ex-officio) [Republic of Korea]

Observers:

  • Other technical experts may be invited, on a needs basis, to serve as Observers on the Standing Committee, as determined by the chair/vice-chair of the Standing Committee in consultation with the president of the Services Commission.

Note 1: To the extent practicable, the composition of SC-AVI should appropriately reflect regional and gender balance.

Note 2: Such other technical experts may include representatives of partner international organizations.

Duration

Until the next ordinary session of the Services Commission where, if required, the Standing Committee can be re-established at the discretion of the Services Commission.

Modalities of work
  • Meetings

Note: Normally WMO would be expected to convene a face-to-face Standing Committee meeting once every two years at its headquarters in Geneva, Switzerland. Consideration may be given by WMO to selecting an alternative location provided that it increases efficiency without increasing costs to the Organization, for example back-to-back with relevant ICAO Meteorology Panel meeting(s).

  • Tele/video conference

Note: Normally the Standing Committee would be expected to convene tele/video conferences on at least a quarterly basis.

  • Correspondence including email exchanges and other appropriate online interactions
Expected outputs

The expected outputs (deliverables) of SC-AVI are available as follows:

Updated education and training Moodle or equivalent platform supporting the implementation of, inter alia, quality management systems, personnel competency and qualification requirements in aeronautical meteorology

New or updated WMO technical regulations and supporting guidance, including Volume I, General Meteorological Standards and Recommended Practices and Volume II, Meteorological Service for International Air Navigation (WMO-No. 49)

Updated WMO long-term plan for aeronautical meteorology

New or updated performance metrics, validation methodologies and service delivery good practices for new and enhanced meteorological services for aviation addressing hazardous meteorological conditions (including icing, turbulence and convection) and other phenomena (including volcanic ash, volcanic sulphur dioxide, radioactive material and space weather)

New or updated models of good practice on the cost recovery of aeronautical meteorological service provision, including in respect of regional and global service

Updated WMO Rolling Review of Requirements Statement of Guidance on Aeronautical Meteorology

New or updated roadmap for the Aviation Research and Development Project (AvRDP) agreed with Research Board

Recommendations for scientific research and development and modes of service delivery good practice developed jointly with Research Board

Report on the climatological variations of aviation hazards, including extreme weather and climate events, and their impacts on aviation operations

Report on climatological variability parameters of interest to aviation stakeholders

Gender action plan and associated framework to empower women in leadership within the aeronautical meteorology community

Periodic community newsletters detailing national and international developments, events and activities concerning services for aviation.

Standing Committee on Services for Agriculture (SC-AGR)

Purpose

Review and update user needs and requirements on all aspects of agrometeorological services and practices across the agricultural value chain (farm-transport-milling-export/trading) and the various agricultural sub-sectors (crops, livestock, forestry, rangelands and fisheries sectors).

Review and update standards and guidance on all aspects of agrometeorological services and practices across the agricultural value-chain and sub-sectors related to any relevant sub-groups of technical commissions, regional associations, Research Board, and Global Framework for Climate Services (GFCS).

Review existing standards and guidance material on drought management including monitoring, forecasting, and preparedness in liaison with the WMO/Global Water Partnership (GWP) Integrated Drought Management Programme (IDMP) and the development of new components with regards to the Global Hydrological Status and Outlook System (HydroSOS), Global Multi-hazard Alert System (GMAS), the Annual WMO Statement on the Status of the Global Climate and other WMO initiatives, in cooperation with other relevant Standing Committees.

Provide technical assistance to the various GFCS processes and projects on agriculture and food security.

Assess the WMO role in supporting the food security agenda and define possible related activities together with SC-CLI and SC-HYD whilst ensuring that agrometeorological (including weather and climate) and agricultural hydrology (including water quality and quantity) [Argentina] components of all major projects related to agriculture, food security, and drought applications including the requirements of Regional Associations (RAs) and reflecting good and sustainable practices and methodologies are addressed; [Argentina]

Provide capacity building, technical advice and tools to WMO Members to enable agricultural users, across the value chain, to adequately understand and use weather and climate information such as historical variability and trends, sub-seasonal and seasonal climate forecasts and climate change projections to address the impacts of climatic variability and change on agriculture.

Foster the development and use of effective communication methods and channels for acquiring and disseminating agrometeorological information, providing advice and warnings to agricultural subsectors, and obtaining feedback, including through the further development of the World Agrometeorological Information Service.

Provide scientific and technical advice to the WMO/GWP Integrated Drought Management Programme (IDMP) and represent the WMO agricultural meteorology and drought communities at the IDMP governance meetings and United Nations related drought meetings (Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD)).

Explore the development of a Joint Technical Working Group on Agrometeorology with FAO and/or World Food Programme (WFP) including assessment of pollution and deposition impact on food production sustainability.

Expertise required
  • Agricultural Meteorology
  • Crop and pasture forecasting
  • Agricultural modelling
  • Agronomy
  • Drought management, [Japan] including monitoring [USA], warning and forecasting
  • Agricultural Hydrology
  • Early warning and preparedness
  • Impacts of climate variability and change on agriculture and fisheries [New Zealand]
  • Agroclimatic applications
  • Remote-sensing products/applications for agrometeorology, including crop modelling [Argentina]
  • Geographic Information Systems
  • Information systems
  • User-engagement capabilities
  • Crop adaptation to climate change
Membership

Approximately 18 technical experts selected from the Expert Network by the president of the commission assisted by the management group and Secretariat but for example could comprise [President SERCOM]:

  • Chair and Vice-chair(s), leads and/or co-leads of its subsidiary bodies
  • One representative each from FAO, WFP, GWP, and UNCCD to be nominated by their parent organization based on the Terms of Reference (ToR) of the Standing Committee and, where appropriate, a representative of the private sector.
  • Other technical experts may be invited, as needed, to serve as Observers on the Standing Committee, as determined by the chair/vice-chair of the Standing Committee in consultation with the president of the Services Commission.

Note: To the extent practicable, the composition of Members of the SC-AGR should appropriately reflect regional and gender balance.

Duration

Until the next ordinary session of the commission where, if required, the Standing Committee can be re-established at the discretion of the Services Commission.

Modalities of work

Note: Normally WMO would be expected to convene a face-to-face Standing Committee meeting once every two years at its headquarters in Geneva, Switzerland. Consideration may be given by WMO to convene at an alternative location provided that it increases efficiency without increasing costs to the Organization.

  • Tele/video conference

Note: Normally the Standing Committee would be expected to convene tele/video conferences on at least a quarterly basis.

  • Correspondence including email exchanges and other appropriate online interactions
Expected outputs

Based on Resolution 18 (Cg-18) - WMO Contributions to the Provision of Agricultural Meteorology Information and Services:

  • Updated Guide on Agricultural Meteorological Practices (WMO-No. 134)
  • Guidance on applications of Weather Forecasts for Agriculture such as Numerical Weather Prediction (NWP) and coupling of weather/climate models with agricultural models
  • Guidance on weather and climate economic assessments and weather index insurance products for agriculture
  • Guidance on animal/plant pest/disease applications modelling and early warning systems, crop calendars, irrigation scheduling, crop protection, and crop forecasting
  • Guidance and demonstration of soil moisture monitoring and applications for agricultural services (and possibly for hydrological and climate services), in cooperation with SC-HYD, SC-CLI and the Commission for Infrastructure, based on the WMO Soil Moisture Demonstration Project, Decision 43 (EC-69)
  • Guidance and database on agricultural mass/energy flux measurements for use by WMO Members and United Nations agencies in conjunction with the appropriate Standing Committee of the Infrastructure Commission and the Research Board;
  • A framework and standards for a Global Drought Indicator, to be included in GMAS (Resolution 17 (Cg-18) - Ensuring Integration of Drought Risk Management in WMO Activities)
  • Report on the status of drought-monitoring systems, outlooks, impacts, assessment of agricultural yield losses due to drought and preparedness in the WMO Regions;
  • Guidance on how to clearly communicate the existing definitions of drought, drought triggers, and the various components of the lifecycle of drought, in cooperation with SC-HYD and the Integrated Drought Management Programme (IDMP);
  • Updated Handbook of Drought Indicators and Indices (WMO-No. 1173) in conjunction with the WMO/GWP Integrated Drought Management Programme (IDMP) and in cooperation with SC-CLI, SC-HYD and SC-DRR
  • Guidance on developing complete agroclimatic data series and agrometeorological risk management, including the assessment of the contribution of agrometeorological disasters to yield losses and ecological rules-based agrometeorological planning
  • Guidance on methodologies for assessing the feasibility of using sub-seasonal to seasonal forecasts for applications in agriculture
  • Mechanisms and guidance on incorporating alerts and warnings on weather and climate extreme events/natural hazards on agriculture to regional and global multi-hazard alerting systems (not to include droughts which is covered in item (h))
  • Completed updated supplement to WMO-No. 1083 on agricultural meteorology, Guide to the Implementation of Education and Training Standards in Meteorology and Hydrology, Volume I – Meteorology, which will replace WMO-No. 258, Supplement 2
  • Updated list of available and recommended agricultural meteorological textbooks for a range of levels of formal education and informal training as well as e-learning
  • Agrometeorological training modules for farmer and extension agent use in training events and WMO Regional Training Centres (RTCs) courses in conjunction with the Global Centres of Research and Excellence in AgroMeteorology (GCREAMs) and other institutions that offer education and training in agricultural meteorology (i.e. universities)
  • Guidance on Roving Seminars and Climate Field Schools, and National Forums/Dialogues
  • Updated list of available and recommended centres offering graduate programmes in Agricultural Meteorology or related domains
  • Guidance on effective communication and dissemination development strategies and Information Communication Technologies related to agrometeorological topics for WMO Members and projects
  • Updated publication on impact assessments of climate variability and change on agriculture (Increasing Climate Variability and Change: Reducing the vulnerability of agriculture and forestry, 2005. Reprinted from Climatic Change, Volume 70, Nos. 1-2, 2005)
  • Report on the status of climate services for fisheries and aquaculture, progress made in informing fisheries management organizations on advising their members on reporting and protecting relevant marine meteorological and ocean observations and services and understanding of the impacts of climate change and variability on fisheries and marine aquaculture in conjunction with SC-MMO, SC-CLI and the WMO-IOC Joint Collaborative Board
  • Guidance on assessment of crop loss due to air pollution. Expertise can be provided from RB.

Standing Committee on Climate Services (SC-CLI)

Purpose

Foster development of climate services across all climate timescales: sub-seasonal, seasonal, multi-annual, decadal, and climate change [UK].

Review regularly, in collaboration with the Climate Coordination Panel international partner organizations and the United Nations agencies, the format and content of the flagship products such as the WMO Statements on the State of the Global Climate, with a view to enhance coherence and consistency of the methodologies and baselines with the ones used in the reports of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC),as well as the El Niño/La Niña Updates and Global Seasonal Climate Updates, advise on related climate datasets and indicators, and provide guidance for the provision of summaries and statistics on climate extremes and weather records at global, regional and national levels in both continental and marine environments.

Provide guidance in conjunction with SG-DIP on updating data management practices, including quality criteria and specifications based on evolving - and requirements of - climate policy and services at all time scales, including for global, regional and national levels, and maintain and update the WMO catalogue of maturity assessed climate datasets.

Lead, in collaboration with Members, regional associations, the Infrastructure Commission, the Research Board and other relevant entities and partner organizations the development and implementation of standardized and user-targeted approaches for the systematic generation and exchange of climate data, climate monitoring, analysis of high impact events climate prediction and objective forecast products and climate projections [Singapore] that are required for the operational functioning of the Climate Services Information System (CSIS) at global (GPCs), regional (RCCs) and national (NMHS) levels; Work in collaboration with relevant GPCs and Lead Centres to generate products and services including the GSCU and annual-to-decadal climate outlook [UK].

Provide technical advice on the further development, improvement, implementation and sustained operations of Regional Climate Outlook Forums (RCOFs)/Regional Climate Forums (RCFs), the Marine Climate Data System (Data Archive Centres (DACs), Global Data Assembly Centres (GDACs), and WMO-IOC Centre for Marine Meteorological and Oceanographic Climate Data (CMOCs) and Regional Climate Centres (RCCs), monitor the status of their performance and provide guidance for improving their processes and functions including the generation and provision of the relevant data/product exchanges with the concerned global and national entities of the CSIS, in light of ongoing and evolving user needs and requirements for climate services.

Support country-level delivery of climate services under the umbrella of the Global Framework for Climate Services (GFCS) through effective user engagement through the UIP, generation of associated service delivery related methodologies, [UK] good practice guidance on national implementation of the CSIS focused on tailored products and services facilitated and co-produced through National Climate Outlook Forums (NCOFs)/National Climate Forums (NCFs) and national/regional climate projection programmes [Singapore], and promote the establishment of National Frameworks for Climate Services (NFCSs) to consolidate capacities at the national level and sustain collaboration.

Review and provide recommendations on methods, data platforms and software relevant to all the core functions of the CSIS, namely climate data, climate monitoring, climate prediction and climate change projection, with a special focus on the Climate Services Toolkit as a key enabling mechanism, including for the generation and use of tailored products.

Provide guidance and technical advice on good practices for producing tailored climate information, communication and delivery of tailored products and services, and implementing Global Framework for Climate Services (GFCS), and assess existing [Secretariat based on a comment from Singapore] studies for evaluating [Secretariat] socio-economic benefits of climate information and services in cooperation with other relevant Standing Committees and Study Groups.

Keep under review the competency requirements for quality management standards for climate services, including the definition and promotion of the relevant criteria for climate services provision as well as the monitoring of their implementation, and maintain the associated guidance material including the Guide to Climatological Practices and related WMO regulatory material.

Develop guidance material on good practices for communicating climate information, including using modern media platforms.

Provide capacity building support [Secretariat, based on a comment from Japan] on climate prediction, including the use of regional climate models and ensemble climate forecasts; and on basic climate understanding for users including as part of the GFCS UIP.

Develop guidance material for data rescue applications and activities, imaging, digitisation and preserving of early instrumental observations and climate data from land and ocean for assessing long-term climate variability, climate change, trends, extremes and provision of various climate services.

Expertise required
  • Climate data production and management, including reanalysis [Japan]
  • Data rescue applications
  • Climate monitoring and analysis[moved to the first bullet based on a comment from Japan]
  • Climate prediction on sub-seasonal, seasonal and decadal time scales including seamless prediction and downscaling [Germany]
  • Climate projection [Germany]and downscaling
  • Climate model output diagnostics
  • User engagement and co-design/co-production
  • Sector-specific and user-tailored products and services
  • Climate Services Toolkit development and deployment
  • Climate data production and management, including reanalysis [Japan]
  • Data rescue applications
  • Climate monitoring and analysis[moved to the first bullet based on a comment from Japan]
  • Climate prediction on sub-seasonal, seasonal and decadal time scales including seamless prediction and downscaling [Germany]
  • Climate projection [Germany]and downscaling
  • Climate model output diagnostics
  • User engagement and co-design/co-production
  • Sector-specific and user-tailored products and services
  • Climate Services Toolkit development and deployment
Membership

Approximately 25 technical experts selected from the Expert Network by the president of the commission assisted by the management group and Secretariat but for example could comprise [President SERCOM]:

  • Chair and Vice-chair(s), leads and/or co-leads of its subsidiary bodies
  • Representatives of specialized institutions, among others RCCs, RTCs to be nominated by their parent organization based on the ToR of the Standing Committee
  • Representative of the SC-MMO to ensure cross-cutting link
  • Other technical experts may be invited, on a needs basis, to serve as Observers on the Standing Committee, as determined by the chair/vice-chair of the Standing Committee in consultation with the president of the Services Commission.

Note: To the extent practicable, the composition of members of the SC-CLI should appropriately reflect regional and gender balance.

 

Duration

Until the next ordinary session of the commission where, if required, the Standing Committee can be re-established at the discretion of the Services Commission.

Modalities of work

Note: Normally WMO would be expected to convene a face-to-face Standing Committee meeting once every two years at its headquarters in Geneva, Switzerland. Consideration may be given by WMO to convene at an alternative location provided that it increases efficiency without increasing costs to the Organization.

  • Tele/video conference

Note: Normally the Standing Committee would be expected to convene tele/video conferences on at least a quarterly basis.

  • Correspondence including email exchanges and other appropriate online interactions
Expected outputs

Current WMO Regulatory Material within the remit of the Standing Committee to be maintained and updated:

  • Manual on High Quality Global Data Management Framework for Climate (WMO-No. 1238)
  • Guide to Climatological Practices (WMO-No. 100) (in cooperation with other relevant Standing Committees)
  • WMO Guide to the Applications of Marine Climatology (WMO-No. 781)
  • Guidelines on Quality Management in Climate Services (WMO-No. 1221)
  • WMO Guidelines on Generating a Defined Set of National Climate Monitoring Products (WMO-No. 1204)
  • Guidance on Verification of Operational Seasonal Climate Forecasts (WMO-No. 1220)
  • Climate Data Management System Specifications (WMO-No. 1131)
  • WMO Guidelines on the Calculation of Climate Normals (WMO-No. 1203)
  • Guidance on Good Practices for Climate Services User Engagement (WMO-No. 1214)
  • Guidelines for the Submission of the World Weather Records 2011+ (WMO-No. 1186)
  • Guidelines on Best Practices for Climate Data Rescue (WMO-No. 1182) in coordination with INFCOM [Secretariat]
  • 1961-1990 Global Climate Normals (CLINO) (WMO-No. 847)
  • [Secretariat] Guide to the Implementation of Education and Training Standards in Meteorology and Hydrology, Volume I – Meteorology (WMO-No. 1083)
  • Step-by-step Guidelines for Establishing a National Framework for Climate Services (WMO-No. 1206)
  • Climate services relevant parts of the Manual on Global Data Processing and Forecasting System (WMO-No. 485) in coordination with INFCOM
  • Guideline for NMHSs on Capacity Development for Climate Services (WMO-No. 1247) [Secretariat]

Forthcoming expected outputs [Secretariat: revisions to forthcoming expected outputs below reflect further review of planned Commission for Climatology deliverables mandated to the new commissions by Resolution 20 (Cg-18)]:

  • Guidance on Operational Practices for Objective Seasonal Forecasting
  • Guidelines for NMHSs to contribute to Climate Risk Management
  • Guidance on Establishment and Operation of WMO Regional Climate Centres
  • Guidance on Establishment and Operation of Regional and National Climate Outlook Forums and Climate Forums
  • Guidance for producing sector-specific and user-tailored climate information, products and services, including examples of success stories [Secretariat]
  • Guidance for communication and delivery of tailored products and services across all time scales for policy and decision-making processes [Secretariat]
  • Guidelines on Regional Climate Forums Operational Practices including expansion of RCOF product portfolio [Secretariat]
  • Guidance on National Climate Outlook Forums/National Climate Forums as platforms for implementation of the GFCS at national level [Secretariat]
  • Guidance on customization and deployment of the Climate Services Toolkit [Secretariat]
  • [Secretariat] Guide to Competency Assessment Framework for Climate Services
  • [Secretariat: guideline is now published] Guidance to integrate well-defined service delivery practices systematically into the implementation and operational plans for the Climate Services Information System (CSIS)
  • CSIS technical reference [Secretariat]
  • A communication strategy for climate services delivery
  • Guidance material for Members on providing climate information at the national level [Secretariat] for policy processes and decision support
  • Guidance material for GIS Applications in Climate and Meteorology
  • Guideline for NMHSs on methods and tools available for developing climate services, information and applications (related to the CSIS technical reference [Secretariat] and the Climate Service Toolkit implementation)
  • Guidelines for Operational Sub-seasonal Forecasts
  • Guidelines on Homogenization methods and the requirements for their application [Secretariat]
  • Guidelines on climate data quality control (work title; final draft almost ready; publication in 2020)
  • Guidance for WMO Evaluation of Record-Breaking Extremes
  • Guidance on climate reference stations (draft status, publication in 2020)
  • Recommendation on making the Global Seasonal Climate Update (GSCU) operational
  • Review and recommendation on Annual-to-Decadal Climate Update (conjointly with Research Board)
  • [Secretariat] Guidance on use and interpretation of climate change projections
  • Guidance on climate services requirements for objective regional seasonal climate forecasts and related standard procedures
  • Basic Instructional Package for climate services (BIP-CS)
  • Repository of training materials and sources for WMO Global Campus
  • [Secretariat] Compendium of case studies on operational climate services [UK]

Standing Committee on Hydrological Services (SC-HYD)

Purpose

Review existing QMF-H guidance material on hydrological services, including Technical Regulations, Volume III: Hydrology (WMO-No. 49) and develop and promote education and training support material with an emphasis on developing and least developed countries, [Islamic Rep. of Iran] under the overall coordination of the Hydrological Coordination Panel (HCP) and jointly with the Commission for Observation, Infrastructure and Information Systems (INFCOM).

Review existing guidance material on flood forecasting and the development of new components, including finalization of assessment guidelines for NHSs to evaluate their end-to-end flood Early Warning Systems (EWSs).

Guide the development of a community of practice on flood forecasting which provides access to interoperable technologies, including platforms and models, to training and guidance material and to related discussion fora; [Secretariat based on Argentina’s comment].

Lead the finalization of the Manual on Flood Risk Mapping.

Ensure the hydrological component of all major projects related to flood forecasting, i.e. “Coastal Inundation Forecasting Initiative (CIFI)”, “Flash Flood Guidance System (FFGS)”, “Severe Weather Forecasting Project (SWFP)” [Russian Fed] include hydrometeorological data and forecast requirements and hydrological reflect good practices for effective and sustainable flood forecasting.

Guide the development of the forecasting and prediction aspects of the Global Hydrological Status and Outlook System (HydroSOS) including the development of Seasonal Hydrological Prediction (SHP) on the basis of Regional Climate Outlook Forums (RCOF) outputs.

Provide scientific and technical advice to the WMO/GWP Associated Programme on Flood Management (APFM) and to represent WMO at the APFM governance meetings.

Provide scientific and technical advice to the WMO/GWP Integrated Drought Management Programme (IDMP) and represent the WMO hydrological community at the IDMP governance meetings.

Supervise and provide technical advice on the development of tools for water resources assessment and planning to assist decision-making including under climatic variability and change.

Support SC-AGR in assessing WMO contributions to the food security agenda.

Support SC-DRR in the provision of assistance to Members in enhancing their service delivery capabilities and enabling effective implementation [Argentina] of Multi-Hazard Early Warning Systems (MHEWS).

Ensure collaboration with the Research Board and the Hydrological Coordination Panel on the definition of research priorities and needs for hydrometeorological activities in cooperation with external partners; [Germany].

Lead the finalization of the Guidelines for verification of Hydrological Forecasts. [Russian Fed]

Expertise required
  • Operational hydrology
  • Hydrological forecasting
  • Flash Flood Forecasting
  • Water resources assessment
  • Water management
  • Hydrometeorology ( including application of precipitation forecasts and nowcasts) [Russian Fed]
  • Agricultural hydrology
  • Hydrological modelling
  • Hydrological information systems
  • Disaster risk management
  • Remote sensing for hydrology [Argentina]
Membership

Approximately 20 technical experts, including the Chair and Vice-chair(s), selected from the Expert Network by the president of the commission assisted by the management group and Secretariat and representatives of IHP-UNESCO, IAHS, IAHR and GWP, to be nominated by their parent organization based on the ToR of the Standing Committee.

Other technical experts may be invited, on a needs basis, to serve as Observers on the Standing Committee, as determined by the chair/vice-chair of the Standing Committee in consultation with the president of the Services Commission.

Note: To the extent practicable, the composition of Members of the SC-HYD should appropriately reflect regional and gender balance.

Duration

Until the next ordinary session of the Services Commission where, if required, the Standing Committee can be re-established at the discretion of the Services Commission.

Modalities of work

Note ― Normally WMO would be expected to convene a face-to-face Standing Committee meeting once every two years at its headquarters in Geneva, Switzerland. Consideration may be given by WMO to convening at an alternative location provided that it increases efficiency without increasing costs to the Organization.

  • Tele/video conference

Note: Normally the Standing Committee would be expected to convene tele/video conferences on at least a quarterly basis.

  • Correspondence including email exchanges and other appropriate online interactions
Expected outputs
  • New edition of Technical Regulations (WMO-No. 49), Vol. III (services part)
  • Guidelines for the assessment of End-to-End Early Warning Systems for Flood Forecasting
  • Community of practice on flood forecasting established and online repository of material accessible to NMHSs
  • Manual on Flood Risk Mapping
  • Hydrological contribution to the Concept Document requested by Resolution 15 (Cg-18) - Strengthening Multi-hazard Early Warning Services in areas prone to all Flooding Types and Severe Weather; Integration, in consultations with SC-DRR, SC-MMO and support of FFGS/CIFI/SWFP; framework of practices and interoperability guidelines, standards and protocols in cooperation with SC-DRR and SC-MMO
  • Progress report of the HydroSOS Pilot projects in the Lake Victoria and Ganges-Brahmaputra basins;
  • Leadership of APFM
  • Hydrological contribution to IDMP
  • Water Resources Assessment (WRA) guidance materials and tools: WMO webpage on WRA launched; Dynamic Water Resources Assessment Tool (DWAT) available on the WMO website
  • Guidelines for verification of Hydrological Forecasts
  • Seasonal Hydrological Prediction Guidelines
  • Support to the INFCOM Standing Committee on Data Processing for Applied Earth System Modelling and Prediction in the further development of the concept for inclusion of Hydrological Centres into the GDPFS Manual
  • Support to the INFCOM Standing Committee on Data Processing for Applied Earth System Modelling and Prediction in the review of the evolving role of existing global hydrological data centres
  • Contribution to the revision of the WMO Cataloguing of Hazardous Events (WMO-CHE) hazard list
  • Increase the implementation of CAP to operational hydrology
  • Provide technical consultation to the development of GDPFS to assure hydrological data, forecast models and systems are integrated into the GDPFS in coordination with the Standing Committee on Data Processing for Applied Earth System Modelling and Prediction (SC-ESMP) of INFCOM.

Standing Committee on Marine Meteorological and Oceanographic Services (SC-MMO)

Purpose

Develop, for consideration by the Executive Council and Congress, proposals for international standards for methods, procedures, techniques and practices in marine meteorology, oceanographic and coastal services (including services on lakes and inland waterways) including, in particular, the relevant parts of the Technical Regulations, guides and manual.

Under the general guidance of Congress and the Executive Council, carry out functions – with other bodies as necessary – relating to the planning, implementation and evaluation of the scientific and technical programme activities related to marine and coastal services, of the Organization-

Specifically, this will include:

  • develop and maintain WMO normative material related to marine meteorological, oceanographic and coastal service delivery, as specified in the WMO Technical Regulations
  • develop common marine meteorological, oceanographic and coastal service delivery attributes
  • ensure Members are able to contribute to the met-ocean requirements in updating relevant documentation for the International Maritime Organization (IMO) Global Maritime Distress and Safety System (GMDSS) guidelines
  • assist Members to enhance marine meteorological, oceanographic and coastal service delivery capabilities and enable effective implementation and compliance
  • cooperate and partner with relevant bodies, especially the IMO, the IHO and the JCB, [IOC] to enhance marine meteorological, oceanographic and coastal service delivery.

Update the definition of competency requirements and Quality Management approaches for marine meteorological, oceanographic and coastal services, including definition of standards for marine services provision and monitoring of their implementation, and maintain the relevant guidance material.

Review and update user needs and requirements on marine meteorology, oceanographic and coastal services.

Expertise required
  • Worldwide Met-Ocean Information and Warning Service (WWMIWS)
  • Met-Ocean services regulatory material (including with IMO/IHO)
  • WMO systems (for example with links to GDPFS, WIS, GOOS, GCOS etc.)
  • Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) expertise in relevant ocean activities for services as recommended by the WMO-IOC Joint Collaborative Board (JCB)
  • Quality management and competency
  • Marine weather, oceanographic and wave forecasting
  • Disaster risk reduction with a focus on the marine-related hazards
  • Coastal inundation and MHEWS
  • Sea ice and other relevant services for polar regions
  • Marine environmental emergency response and Search and Rescue (SAR) service
  • Marine climatology (services aspect)
  • Satellite utilisation products
  • Services for the blue economy (including optimal transport routes/efficiency for industries such as transport, freight, fisheries, tourism, oil and gas, etc.)
  • Expertise in costing options
  • Social scientist
  • Marine education and training.
Membership

Approximately 20 technical experts selected from the Expert Network by the President of the Commission assisted by the Management Group and Secretariat but for example could comprise [President SERCOM]:

  • Chair and Vice-chair(s), leads and/or co-leads of its subsidiary bodies
  • One IOC expert as ex-officio Member of SC-MMO, as recommended by JCB
  • One IMO expert as ex-officio Member of SC-MMO
  • One International Hydrographic Organization (IHO) expert as ex-officio Member of SC-MMO
  • One representative of the SC-CLI to ensure cross-cutting links
  • Other technical experts may be invited, as needed, to serve as Observers on the Standing Committee, as determined by the chair/vice-chairs of the Standing Committee in consultation with the president of Services Commission.

Note: To the extent practicable, the composition of Members of the SC-MMO should appropriately reflect regional and gender balance.

Note 2: The chair of the SC-MMO is an appointed member of the JCB. In that role, the chair will ensure engagement between SERCOM and the JCB to enhance marine service delivery. The chair of SC-MMO will have the flexibility to appoint an alternate to represent Services in JCB when needed. [Secretariat]

Duration

Until the next ordinary session of the Services Commission where, if required, the SC-MMO can be re-established at the discretion of the Services Commission.

Modalities of work
  • Meetings

Note: Normally WMO would be expected to convene a face-to-face SC-MMO meeting once every two years at its headquarters in Geneva, Switzerland. Consideration may be given by WMO to convene at an alternative location provided, that it increases efficiency without increasing costs to the Organization, for example back-to-back with relevant IMO, IHO or IOC meeting(s).

  • Tele/video conference

Note: Normally the SC-MMO would be expected to convene tele/video conferences on at least a quarterly basis, or whenever is required.

  • Correspondence including email exchanges and other appropriate online interactions
Expected outputs

Publications that the SC-MMO will be responsible for updating or contributions:

  • Weather Reporting, Vol. D, Information for Shipping (2014) (WMO-No. 9)
  • Guide to Marine Meteorological Services (2018) (WMO-No. 471)
  • Manual on the Global Data-processing and Forecasting System (2017) (WMO-No. 485) updated in 2018
  • Manual on Marine Meteorological Services - Volume I — Global Aspects: (updated in 2018 Edition) (WMO-No. 558)
  • Sea-Ice information services in the world (2006 (3rd ed.) – revision currently in process) (WMO-No. 574)
  • Guide to Wave Analysis and Forecasting (2019) (WMO-No. 702)
  • Guide to the Applications of Marine Climatology (1994) (WMO-No. 781)
  • Guide to Storm Surge Forecasting (2011) (WMO-No. 1076)
  • WMO Strategy for Service Delivery and its Implementation Plan (2014) (WMO-No. 1129)
  • Marine input regularly updated (as needed) to the WMO Multi-hazard Early Warning System: A Checklist (2018)
  • Proposed Coastal Inundation Forecasting Guidance (in development, expected publication 2020)
  • Various international satellite operator manuals for Maritime Safety Information (MSI), that WMO contributes to, including (but not limited to) SafetyNET (Inmarsat), SafetyCast (Iridium)
  • Various international codes for e-navigation for example S-411, S-412 etc.

These are expected to contribute to address the following topics:

  • Maritime safety services including quality management;
  • Outcomes/Recommendations from the WMO-IMO Extreme Maritime Weather Symposium (2019);
  • Wave forecasting, coastal hazards and MHEWS and Disaster Risk Reduction, with links to the SC-DRR, SC-HYD and the UNESCO (DRR, and the IOC Tsunami and Other Hazards Related to Sea Level Warning and Mitigation Systems Working Group) (as per Resolution 15 (Cg-18)- Strengthening Multi-hazard Early Warning Services in areas prone to all Flooding Types and Severe Weather)
  • Innovation in services, in coordination with the Research Board
  • Marine environmental emergency response and search and rescue
  • Operational Ocean Forecast Systems to ensure operational oceanographic service requirements are met and to provide feedback regarding the forecast systems themselves
  • Services for sea ice and polar regions
  • Application of satellite products to marine services
  • Education, training, competency and capacity development
  • Climate services
  • Costing options (as per Resolution 30 (Cg-18) - Exploring Costing Options for Marine Services in the Future)
  • Outcomes/Recommendations from the ‘Enhancing Ocean Observations and Research, and free exchange of data, to foster services for the safety of life and property at sea’ Workshop (2019) in coordination with INFCOM
  • Service needs for ocean infrastructure in coordination with INFCOM.

Standing Committee on Disaster Risk Reduction and Public Services (SC-DRR)

Purpose

Development and maintenance of WMO normative material and recommended good practices related to the delivery of services to the general public and government authorities to support informed decision-making related to disaster risk reduction, the protection of life, livelihood, property and environment [Argentina] as well as welfare and well-being of the population as specified in WMO Technical Regulations. These developments should build on good practices of Members in early warning and DRR services, public meteorological services, and impact-based decision supporting services. These developments should also [Hong Kong, China] build on the [Hong Kong, China] existing programmes and major projects such as Tropical Cyclone Programme (TCP), the Integrated Drought management Programme (IDMP), the Associated Programme on Flood Management (APFM), Severe Weather Forecasting Programme (SWFP) [Hong Kong, China] etc. Not limited to any specific hazard, time scale or region, this material should guide Members in adopting a holistic and multidisciplinary approach to the key areas in disaster risk management and reduction, including understanding risk through hazard and risk assessment, reducing existing risk through preparedness, early warning, including the understanding of economic losses and damages resulting from hydrometeorological hazards, [Argentina] disaster risk transfer and finance and avoiding the creation of new risks through increased resilience and sustainable development, considering the vulnerability of the population in the provision of hydrometeorological services [Argentina].

Assistance to Members in enhancing their service delivery capabilities and enabling effective implementation and compliance, including through the development of cooperative and supportive frameworks such as the Global Multi-hazard Alert System (GMAS), the WMO Coordination Mechanism (WCM) to better support humanitarian action which will also provide them more visibility and recognition for their contributions in the global agendas.

Contribution to the science-infrastructure-service value chain by integration of innovation and progress made by science, including social science, and the application of frontier technologies into enhanced service design and delivery, especially from developing countries - and the integration of this perspective in various WMO Programmes, [Argentina] while also identifying and gathering user requirements possibly needing targeted research and infrastructure development. This shall include but not be limited to, access to and processing of a variety of information and data sets (demographic, economic, land use, etc.) in full cooperation with relevant Infrastructure Commission and Research Board entities.

Cooperation and partnerships with external partners as needed to support Members, in close collaboration with Regional Associations.

Expertise required
  • Communications, outreach and user engagement
  • Social science
  • Service delivery and quality management
  • Financial risk transfer
  • Multi-hazard early warning systems
  • Geophysical and environmental science applications
  • Space physics and aeronomy including space weather
  • Development of impact model applications
  • Impact assessment and impact data management [Hong Kong, China]
  • Disaster risk management, including [Secretariat] policy and law
  • International data formats (like CAP) and communication technologies [Hong Kong, China] for exchanging and delivering [Hong Kong, China] public warnings and emergencies [Hong Kong, China]
Membership

Approximately 20 technical experts selected from the Expert Network by the president of the commission assisted by the management group and Secretariat but for example could comprise [President SERCOM]:

  • Chair and Vice-chair(s), leads and/or co-leads of its subsidiary bodies
  • Representatives from UNDRR and other relevant partner organizations and possibly including Chair and Vice-chair
  • Other technical experts may be invited, on a needs basis, to serve as Observers on the Standing Committee, as determined by the chair/vice-chair(s) of the Standing Committee in consultation with the president of the Services Commission

Note: To the extent practicable, the composition of members of the SC-DRR should appropriately reflect regional and gender balance.

Duration

Until the next ordinary session of the commission where, if required, the Standing Committee can be re-established at the discretion of the Services Commission.

Modalities of work

Note: Normally WMO would be expected to convene a face-to-face Standing Committee meeting once every two years at its headquarters in Geneva, Switzerland. Consideration may be given by WMO to convene at an alternative location provided that it increases efficiency without increasing costs to the Organization.

  • Tele/video conference

Note: Normally the Standing Committee would be expected to convene tele/video conferences on at least a quarterly basis.

  • Correspondence including email exchanges and other appropriate online interactions
Expected outcomes

Update of the WMO Strategy for service delivery and its implementation plan (WMO-No. 1129) as a living document, with contribution by other standing committees as needed.

Develop the Guide on General Service Delivery for EC and Congress adoption.

Update of the Guide to Public Weather Services Practices (WMO-No. 834).

Revised WMO Technical Regulations (WMO-No. 49), Vol I, Parts IV/V.

Review and update, as needed the WMO Multi-Hazard Early Warning System Checklist (2018) in cooperation with other relevant standing committees.

Update of the WMO Disaster Risk Reduction Roadmap, as needed, in particular with more developed content on floods.

Guide(s) on the Support of National Meteorological and Hydrological Services to their National Multi-hazard Early Warning Procedures, Coordination Mechanisms, Systems and Services - Resolution 16 (Cg-18)

  • Develop the 1st guide focusing on tropical cyclones related MHEWS
  • Consolidation of the regional operational plans at global level and inclusion in Technical Regulations (WMO-No. 49), Vol. 1, Part IV;

Integration of the Global Drought Indicator (GDI), as per Resolution 17 (Cg-18) and other relevant hazard indicators in activities pertaining, to the development of GMAS, adoption of [Hong Kong, China] Common Alerting Protocol (CAP), and WMO Cataloguing of Hazardous Events (WMO-CHE) in cooperation with SC-HYD, SC-CLI and SC-AGR.

Implementation plan for the WMO-CHE, Resolution 12, (Cg-18) — WMO Methodology for Cataloguing Hazardous Weather, Climate, Water and Space Weather Events), including updates to the technical regulations incorporated in the Global Data Processing and Forecasting System (GDPFS) and the WMO Information System (WIS) and appropriate guidance material;

In consideration of the GMAS framework implementation strategy and plan, Resolution 13 (Cg-18) — WMO Global Multi-hazard Alert System

  • Establish a framework that includes a repository of warnings and defined information flows that allow for sharing authoritative warning information produced by Members [Hong Kong, China]
  • Possible improvement of, and regulation on, the Register of WMO Members Alerting Authorities as a component of GMAS Framework, to align with the revised Sendai Framework Hazard list, WMO Cataloguing of Hazardous Events (WMO-CHE) hazard list and the CAP Hazard list (jointly with SC-MINT and SC-HYD)
  • Possible regulation on the implementation of the Common Alerting Protocol (CAP) within the Technical Regulations, Vol I Parts II and IV (WMO-No. 49) (jointly with SC-MINT)
  • Promotion of CAP and its usage including the engagement in the future development of CAP
  • Review GMAS compliance and engagement for possible inclusion in Technical Regulations Vol. 1, Part IV (WMO-No. 49)
  • Assessment of Member needs for further guidance and support for implementation, including through regional approaches, pilot projects or initiatives

Strengthening multi-hazard early warning services in areas prone to all flooding types and severe weather - (Resolution 15 (Cg-18))

  • In cooperation with SC-MMO and SC-HYD, development of approaches for assessing national requirements and capabilities of EWS in areas prone to flooding and impacts from severe weather
  • Refinement of the individual future overall design and implementation of each initiative
  • A concept document that assesses the approaches, feasibility, cost and timelines of developing an interoperable MHEWS environment for consideration by the Executive Council
  • Proposal for a governance and management structure to oversee the design and implementation and outlining the requirements to achieve sustainability
  • Recommendations for ensuring the continuity of future individual initiatives when considering and/or developing a MHEWS environment
  • Considerations regarding the suitability of all available technologies in the future design of individual projects for early warnings, as well as the development of an end-to-end system
  • To be done in cooperation with SC-MMO, SC-HYD, APFM, INFCOM, the Research Board and the Capacity Development Panel

Publication of a supplement to, or second edition of, [Hong Kong, China] WMO-No. 1150 - WMO Guidelines on Multi-hazard Impact-based Forecast and Warning Service, to foster the dynamic integration of new learning, specialized requirements, and best practices in IBFWS (Resolution 26 (Cg-18)) — Provision of Impact-Based Forecast and Warning Services in an Innovative and Integrated Way).

Development of a service-focused framework that will support the development and/or enhancement of individual implementation plans among developed and developing NMHS, founded on the concepts articulated in the WMO Strategy for Service Delivery and Its Implementation Plan (WMO-No. 1129) and the WMO Guidelines on Impact-based Forecast and Warning Services (WMO-No. 1150), including in particular the review and updates, as needed, to the Technical Regulations Vol. 1, Part V, (WMO-No. 49), taking full consideration of specific needs such as tropical cyclone forecasting, (jointly with RAs and other bodies).

Develop WMO Coordination Mechanism (WCM) to support the humanitarian activities of the UN and other organizations (Resolution 14 (Cg-18)) - Development of the Initial Concept for the WMO Coordination Mechanism to Support the Humanitarian Activities of the United Nations and other Organizations

  • Develop WCM implementation plan based on the initial Concept and voluntary contributions of Members
  • Provide Recommendations for incorporating the WCM in relevant WMO frameworks and normative documents such as the Global Data-Processing and Forecasting System (GDPFS) Manual

in cooperation with INFCOM (SC-ESMP and the Standing Committee on Measurements, Instrumentation, and Traceability (SC-MINT) of INFCOM).

Study Group for Integrated Health Services (SG-HEA)

Purpose

Support implementation of Resolution 33 (Cg-18) — Advancing Integrated Health Services, vis-a-vis the WHO-WMO Health Environment and Climate Science to Services Master Plan.

Expertise required

Depending on the thematic priorities, drawing from:

  • Meteorology and climatology for climate services
  • Climate change and climate adaptation
  • Impact research of weather and climate
  • Surveillance and data systems
  • Epidemiology Healthcare and related Infrastructure
  • Public health and wellbeing [New Zealand]
  • Atmospheric monitoring and modelling (including sand and dust, biomass, volcanic ash)
  • UltraViolet (UV) radiation
  • Water resource management
  • Early warning systems
  • Climate modelling
  • Integrated and high-resolution climate and health impact modelling
  • Health Emergency management
  • Disaster risk management
  • Urban Planning, urban design and architecture
  • Communication
  • Public health policy [New Zealand]
  • Environmental sciences
Membership

This Study Group will be a joint body with the World Health Organization (WHO) who together will nominate a group of health experts. As an inter-agency body with WHO, the Study Group will comprise approximately 20 technical experts selected by the president of the commission in consultation with [Secretariat] the Study Group co-chairs, assisted by the management group and Secretariat. The Study Group will include experts from NMHSs, Regional Bodies and WMO centres providing operational services to the health sector, and experts nominated by World Health Organization (WHO), taking into consideration the experts who contributed to the WHO – WMO Joint Expert Group on Integrated Health Science and Services, and existing subject matter teams.

Duration

Until the next ordinary session of the commission where, if required, the Study Group can be re-established at the discretion of the Services Commission.

Modalities of work

Meetings

  • By digital correspondence including email exchanges and other appropriate online interactions
  • By tele/video conference
  • By annual face-to-face meeting as resources allow.
Expected outputs

Implementation and Resource Plan of the WHO-WMO Health, Environment, and Climate Science to Services Master Plan 2019-2023,1 and on an annual basis review and update of the joint work plan including to establish a research agenda, and mechanisms and goals for technical cooperation, training and capacity building, within NMHSs and the Health Community.

Identify opportunities and mechanisms to strengthen the mandate of NMHSs to work with the health community to implement Resolution 33 (Cg-18) and to engage health focal points.

Assessment of research and operational needs and requirements, with the Research Board and other relevant experts, for the provision of sufficient and relevant data, products, services and capacities for the generation and application of scientific evidence related to climate, weather, water, and environmental impacts on health.

Inform and engage other bodies, including the INFCOM and Research Board, other relevant SERCOM [Islamic Rep. of Iran, referring specifically to the Integrated Urban Services Study Group] bodies, and Health, Research and Earth Observation bodies, on needs and requirements for the execution of health-oriented science and services.

Identification of, and recommendations concerning, appropriate technical mechanisms and partnerships to facilitate the development, delivery, access to and use of data and tailored information products on weather, climate, water, and environmental hazards to health.

Identification or development of tools, guidelines, and technical advisory and capacity development in support of WMO and WHO Member efforts to deliver relevant products and services to effectively support public health research and operations.

Progress reports on the status, access and use of reliable and relevant weather, climate, and environmental information to the health sector.

Guidance on the modelling, development and application of sub-seasonal and seasonal forecasts, outlooks and early warning systems and climate projections for health.

Specific recommendations include; develop a framework white paper; develop a research agenda; identify mechanisms for technical cooperation; map and profile existing capabilities; define the normative agenda; define the capacity building agenda.

Review and update of relevant WMO-WHO publications and guidance materials as required.

Study Group on Integrated Energy Services (SG-ENE)

Purpose

In Resolution 63 (Cg-17) — Energy as an Additional Priority Area of the Global Framework for Climate Services, the World Meteorological Congress decided to pilot interventions in selected countries to support Members to develop sustainable energy pathways. The general purpose of the Study Group on Integrated Energy Services (SG-ENE) is to implement the WMO Strategic Plan (Long-Term Goal 1, Strategic Objective 1.2) under the overall guidance of the Services Commission in creating and sustaining an ongoing programme of service delivery for the Energy sector, especially for the sub-sector on renewable energy, and to implement the Global Framework for Climate Services (GFCS) Energy Exemplar to GFCS (https://gfcs.wmo.int/Energy), which identifies the needs of, and services for, the energy sector.

The activities of the SG-ENE will include:

  • Review feasibility studies in support of the design of weather and climate resilient and environmentally sustainable renewable energy systems
  • Review the need for guidelines and technical advisory on weather and climate services for energy in support of WMO Members to deliver operational services for the energy sector in their respective countries
  • Compile business models and good practices for strengthening full value chain delivery of weather and climate services for energy
  • Compile of good practices and demonstrated socio-economic benefits of weather and climate services delivery for the energy sector
  • Promote capacity development support to WMO Members for operational weather and climate services delivery for energy
  • Develop partnerships with organizations that represent a broad array of users and institutions including United Nations agencies, research and academia and the private sector, and a community network to provide input and feedback to the study group
  • Liaise with relevant WMO TCs, SCs, SGs and Research Board for advocating observation and data needs and requirements for effective and timely delivery of weather and climate services for energy.
Expertise required
  • Meteorology, hydrology and climatology applied to weather and climate services
  • Meteorology climatology and hydrology applications for renewable and environmentally sustainable energy, particularly for wind – solar and hydro power data access, analysis and forecasting
  • Weather and climate risk management for sustainable energy infrastructure and energy transition
  • Weather and climate applications for energy efficiency
  • User/sector-engagement, including cross-sector partnerships and financing.
Membership

Approximately 15 technical experts in the field of energy and/or weather and climate, selected from among the Expert Network by the president of the commission in consultation with the chair and vice-chair(s) of the Study Group, [Republic of Korea] assisted by the management group and Secretariat, taking into consideration experts that contributed to the GFCS Energy Exemplar, experts from NMHSs and WMO centres providing operational weather and climate services to the energy sector, and from key partners, including the World Energy and Meteorology Council (WEMC), the Global Energy Interconnection Development Cooperation Organization (GEIDCO), the International Energy Agency (IEA), the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA), the International Hydropower Agency (IHA), and the Green Climate Fund (GCF).

Duration

Until the next ordinary session of the commission where, if required, the Study Group can be re-established at the discretion of the Services Commission.

Modalities of work

Meetings (annual review is expected)

  • By digital correspondence including email exchanges and other appropriate online interactions
  • By tele/video conference
  • By opportunities arising through international fora
Expected Outputs

Methodology for science-based design of weather and climate resilient renewable energy systems.

Analytical report on technical support requirements for operational services delivery in pilot countries.

Business models and good practices document on approaches how to strength the full value chain delivery of weather and climate services for energy.

Good practices document on demonstrating socio-economic benefits of weather and climate services delivery for the energy sector.

Curricula and modules for capacity development support to WMO Members for operational weather and climate services delivery for energy.

Collaborative frameworks and partnerships agreements with organizations that represent a broad array of users and institutions including United Nations agencies, research and academia and the private sector, and a community network to provide input and feedback to the study group.

List of joint activities and cross-cutting issues with relevant WMO TCs, SCs, SGs and Research Board for advocating observation and data needs and requirements for effective and timely delivery of weather and climate services for energy.

Study Group on Integrated Urban Services (SG-URB)

Purpose

WMO Members recognize the need for the specialized services for urban complexes. This is related to the fact that on the urban scale the connection between many phenomena is stronger and more pronounced and an individual extreme event may cause a series of urban infrastructure failures. Cities are also the places with high population and property density and hence the impacts of events on life and economic losses are substantially higher.

WMO has addressed the increasing demands of services in urban areas to improve their resilience to environmental, weather, climate and water related hazards, weather extremes and impacts brought about by climate change and variability, by taking the following decisions:

  • Resolution 68 (Cg-17, 2015) — Establishing a WMO Cross-Cutting Urban Focus
  • Decision 15 (EC-68, 2016) — Implementation of WMO Cross-Cutting Urban Focus and its Annex - WMO Cross-Cutting Urban Focus: Outline for Implementation Framework 2016-2019
  • Decision 41 (EC-69, 2017) — Guidelines for the Development of an Integrated Operational Platform to Meet Urban Service Delivery Needs
  • Decision 7 (EC-70, 2018) — Integrated Urban Services
  • Resolution 32 (Cg-18, 2019) — Advancing Integrated Urban Services
  • Decision 3 (EC-71, 2019) — World Climate Research Programme Strategy and Implementation Plan

The general purpose of the Study Group on Integrated Urban Services (SG-URB) is to implement the WMO Strategic Plan (Long-Term Goal 1, Strategic Objective 1.1, 1.2, 1.3, 1.4 ; long term Goal 3 , Strategic Objectives 3.2 and Long term Goal 4, Strategic Objectives 4.1, 4.2, 4.3) under the overall guidance of the Services Commission in collaboration with Research Board and Infrastructure Commission in creating and sustaining an ongoing programme of service delivery for urban complexes and thus contribute to reducing the risk of hydro-meteorological hazards for urban areas.

The activities of the study group will include the following:

  • In collaboration with the relevant substructure of the Technical Commissions, Research Board and the Regional Associations, gather and review the user requirements for the integrated urban services as well as for observational and modelling components underlying these services across all user programmes and disciplines, including the health sector; [Islamic Rep of Iran]
  • Facilitate identification of the agencies involved in development, delivery and utilization of the integrated urban services and establish working relations with these agencies (e.g. inviting them as members of the study group)
  • Develop a collaborative framework with the agencies involved in development, delivery and utilization of the integrated urban services
  • Promote renewed and expanded partnerships on urban matters, involving the United Nations (including UN-Habitat, World Health Organization and others) and other international organizations, government institutions, academia and the private sector
  • Develop Implementation plan for the contribution of WMO to the collaborative framework, including working arrangements, taking into consideration the emerging impact-based forecasting and warning systems
  • Promote strengthened cooperation between National Meteorological and Hydrological Services and the appropriate national authorities to further develop integrated urban services for decision-makers, stakeholders and the general public, and to deploy the latest communication technologies in service delivery
  • Develop effective metrics to assess the benefits of the specific urban services and their contribution towards meeting the United Nations’ goal (SDG-11) of sustainable cities and communities
  • Document and promote good practices for the verification of relevant products in light of the requirements of urban stakeholders, taking into account national policies and NMHSs roles and responsibilities and recommendations on possible inclusion as recommended practices
  • Advise on development of good practices, training and capacity development activities [Islamic Rep of Iran] related to very high-resolution forecasting, predictions and warning systems, to be shared with members who are lacking such capacities
  • Develop guidance on verification, quality management and assessment processes that enables smooth transition of research products to operational services
  • Promote pilot and demonstration projects related to integrated urban services
  • Facilitate the revision of the Guidance on Integrated Urban Hydrometeorological, Climate and Environmental Services in a view of lessons learned from the earlier implementors of pilot and demonstration projects on integrated urban services.
Expertise required
  • Urban observations
  • High resolution weather, climate, hydrological and air quality modelling, blending of observations with modelling data
  • Urban dynamics, including urban boundary layer
  • Urban sustainability
  • Meteorology, climatology, marine (coastal) and hydrological applications, chemical and biological processes and hydrology on urban scale
  • Climate risk management for urban planning, building codes
  • Applications for energy efficiency, user/sector-engagement, including private sector and financing.
Membership

Approximately 12 technical experts in the field of urban meteorology and climatology, marine (coastal) applications, hydrology, selected from the Expert Network by the president of the commission in consultation with the chair and vice-chair(s) of the Study Group, [Republic of Korea] assisted by the management group and Secretariat, including experts from NMHSs and WMO centres providing operational services to the sector, and from partners, including UN-Habitat, UNEP, research and academia, and possibly development partners.

Duration

Until the next ordinary session of the commission where, if required, the Standing Committee can be re-established at the discretion of the Services Commission.

Modalities of work

Meetings (annual review is expected)

  • By digital correspondence
  • By tele/video conference
  • By opportunities arising through international fora
Expected outputs

Analytical report on stakeholder mapping and roadmap on stakeholder engagement.

A collaborative framework document identifying role and responsibilities of the agencies involved in the development, delivery and utilization of the integrated urban services including the rules of engagement with these agencies.

Revised partnerships agreements (with UN-Habitat, and other relevant organizations and institutions on urban matters.

Implementation plan for the contribution of WMO to the collaborative framework, including working arrangements, taking into consideration the emerging impact-based forecasting and warning systems.

Guidelines on effective metrics to assess the benefits of the specific urban services.

Good practices document for the verification of relevant products in light of the requirements of urban stakeholders, taking into account national policies and NMHSs roles and responsibilities and recommendations on possible inclusion as recommended practices.

Good practices document on approaches to very high-resolution forecasting, predictions and warning systems.

Revised requirements for urban observations considering the needs of integrated urban services including the requirements of the health sector [Islamic Rep of Iran, India].

Guidance document on the step required for verification, quality management and assessment processes to ensure the smooth transition from science to operations.

Updated Guidance on Integrated Urban Hydrometeorological, Climate and Environmental Services.