Severe winter weather struck southeastern Europe, with extreme cold and snow in Italy, the Balkans and Turkey. This caused many accidents on roads, school closures, cancelled flights and hardship for the homeless and refugees. The Danube river and Bosporus sea strait were even closed for shipping.
The Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute (KNMI), which is part of the WMO Regional Climate Centre Network for Europe (WMO Regional Association VI), conducted a rapid analysis into the cold snap 7 – 11 January. It was supported by World Weather Attribution.