Earth Information Day at COP 22 on November 8 provided an important up-to-date picture of the state of the climate and an outlook on future developments and opportunities to take the most effective climate action.
Senior WMO representatives took part in the event, which linked the work of the science community, including systematic observation, to the implementation of the Paris Agreement’s goals. The aim is to provide key information to help underpin the formal global stocktake of progress in 2018 and to support the National Adaptation Plan (NAP) process.
The entry into force of the Agreement means that government and non-government stakeholders require the best knowledge available in order to understand how their actions are influencing the state of the climate and sustainable development. Systematic observation is the cornerstone of this understanding.
“We hope you will gain more confidence in the science we present and we hope to get more communities and organizations to join us to provide even more rigorous forecast and science for the benefit of society,” said WMO Deputy Secretary-General Elena Manaenkova.
WMO presented “The Global Climate in 2011-2015” identifies that the average temperature in 2015 was over one degree higher than pre-industrial times and that the period 2011-2015 was the warmest five-year period on record, consistent with established warming trends.
Another milestone was reached with globally averaged CO2 levels of 400 parts per million (ppm). This year, 2016, is on track to be even warmer and will be the first year in which CO2 at the Mauna Loa Observatory remains above 400 ppm all year, and for many generations to come.
The Paris Agreement recognizes the role and contribution of all actors to take decisive climate action based on best available scientific knowledge. The science community provides this knowledge through up-to-date data, information and analysis of the state of the climate as well as climate services and decision-making tools to support risk assessment, adaptation and mitigation at regional and national level.
Some of the new developments and opportunities presented at COP 22 Earth Information Day included:
- The up-to-date state of the climate and the global carbon budget and the development of indicators to support adaptation and mitigation
- The Global Climate Observing System Implementation Plan 2016 – explaining the essential climate variables, indicators and actions required to support the Paris Agreement and the Sustainable Development Goals
- New developments in the estimation of greenhouse gas emissions from Earth observations to support national inventories
- An assessment of the state of global oceans
- Earth observation actions and services to support adaptation in Africa.
Documents submitted to Earth Information Day are available here