A new tool - the South Asia Drought Monitoring System (SADMS) – is expected to provide comprehensive information about drought onset and progression. It will help improve early warning and management of a serious natural hazard which has a severe impact on agricultural production and livelihoods. It is the outcome of a three year project, and was developed by the International Water Management Institute (IWMI) supported by the World Meteorological Organization (WMO), the Global Water Partnership (GWP) and other partners.The South Asian Drought Monitoring System
The South Asia Drought Monitoring System and its new interactive online portal was demonstrated at a regional workshop held in New Delhi on 30 January. The tool combines satellite images of vegetation with weather data, soil moisture levels and crop yield information. It helps predict the severity of coming dry spells and how long they might last. The interactive SADMS online portal, will help in data sharing and viewing of all available drought and related maps for the entire region instantly.
In 2016, South Asia reeled from one of the worst droughts in decades with severe water shortages and crop losses. In recent years South Asian countries have been suffering from increasing droughts as a consequence of delays and changing patterns of monsoon rainfall. Over 300 million people were affected in India alone due to two weak monsoons.
Experts from South Asian countries including Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Nepal and Sri Lanka participated in the workshop and discussed ways of using satellite remote sensing data and ICT for drought monitoring, and develop mitigation strategies in South Asia.
See the press release IWMI_SADMS_Media_Release_30th_Jan_final_1.pdf