A new analysis of European temperature data from January through November 2014 confirms that 2014 will almost certainly be the region’s warmest year on record. Initial estimates forecast the January-December annual mean temperature for Europe to be 0.3°C above the previous record set in 2007. The top-10 of warmest years includes all the years from the year 2000 onward, with 1989 as the only exception, at sixth place.
A European perspective on this hot year is provided via the Climate Indicator Bulletin. It includes a statement on the attribution of this warmth, which is the focus of a separate press release from Climate Central. The analysis was conducted through the European Climate Assessment & Dataset project by a consortium of national weather services, the IEG EUMETNET, and leading research institutes. It was coordinated by the Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute (KNMI) and constitutes an output of the WMO Regional Climate Center - Network for Europe.
WMO is establishing a growing number of Regional Climate Centers (RCCs) and RCC-Networks to generate and deliver more regionally-focused, high-resolution data and products as well as training and capacity building. The European RCC-Network engages the region’s 50 National Meteorological and Hydrological Services (NMHSs) and is currently coordinated by the German National Meteorological Service (DWD). The European Climate Assessment & Dataset project is implemented through the RCC-Network’s “node” on climate data services, which is coordinated by the Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute (KNMI).
Recognizing that Europe’s warming climate has important implications for the region’s day-to-day weather, Climate Central, a US-based education and research non-profit, will deliver the findings to weather presenters in formats that can be incorporated into regular weather reports. WMO partners with Climate Central as well as the Government of Denmark, the WMO/UNEP Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, the French Meteorological Society (SMF – Météo et Climat), the UN Foundation and others to support weather presenters in communicating about climate change. In addition to workshops and information support, this effort has included the dissemination of 20 “weather reports” from the year 2050, including eight from Europe.