World Meteorological Centre Beijing (WMC Beijing) held the annual working conference on 9 March in Beijing. The conference reviewed the works in 2020, discussed the development priorities for next step and identified the key tasks in 2021. Mr. Yu Yong, Deputy Administrator of China Meteorological Administration (CMA) attended the conference. The achievements acquired by the WMC Beijing in 2020 are highlighted during the conference. In 2020, WMC Beijing made steady progress in improving its capabilities to perform duties, including the upgradation of GRAPES_GFS Model with the top level raised to 0.1 hPa and the operational running of the new generation of climate prediction system , diversifying much more tailored NWP products such as EFI, typhoon forcasts and CRA and S2S products, for Africa and SWFD, GMAS-A projects, providing technical support to LDCs and SIDS by the enhancement of the application of CMACast including the MICAPS and SWAP, and carrying out international training and exchanges, which strongly supported the Belt and Road Initiative.
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One of the worst sand and dust storms in a decade has hit Mongolia, northern China and other parts of Asia, with big environmental and economic impacts and harming air quality for millions of people.
In 2020, both China’s annual mean air temperature and precipitation were above normal, according to a new update from 2020 China Climate Bulletin which was released by China Meteorological Administration (CMA) On February 9, 2021. The annual mean air temperature and precipitation were the eighth and fourth highest respectively since 1951. In general, the disasters caused by rainstorm and flood were more serious than those by drought. In summer, the southern China experienced the most severe flood with extreme heavy rainstorm since 1998. Regional and periodic drought brought slight impacts and losses. The reversal of season from spring to summer was earlier than normal. High temperature occurred earlier than normal with extreme intensities, and lasted longer than normal in summer over the south of China. The numbers of landing typhoons were less than normal, while the periods and regions impacted by typhoons were concentrated. The cold air process influenced widely and brought huge decrease of temperature in local areas.
The Typhoon Committee, which symbolizes the successful cooperation between WMO and the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific, holds its 53rd annual session from 23 to 25 February.
In December, 2020, meteorological observation quality management system of China Meteorological Administration (CMA) passed the overall certification audit of China Quality Certificate Centre (CQC), and obtained ISO9001 certificate on December 29，2020. This system was established on the basis of Guide to the Implementation of Quality Management Systems for National Meteorological and Hydrological Services and Other Relevant Service Providers rolled out by World Meteorological Organization (WMO). The scope of the certification covers 31 provincial (autonomous regions, municipalities) meteorological departments, and 35 institutions like National Satellite Meteorological Center (NSMC), CMA Meteorological Observation Center, and Department of Integrated Observations. As a formal member of the International Certification Network (IQNet), CQC is a third-party professional certification body approved by the Chinese government and recognized by many governments and international organizations.