Modern satellite observations offer unprecedented possibilities for local (regional) and global agriculture monitoring.They allow imaging the Earth’s surface with a spatial resolution of 10-20 meters and a repetition time of 1-2 days*.Today, such satellite monitoring is primarily carried out by Sentinel-2, but the information it collects is a continuation of previous satellite systems used for agriculture, such as Landsat.The products of these programs, in the form of photos and images, are already available under the sat4envi project, led by the IMGW-PIB. Data from the Sentinel-2 satellite enable the determination of soil properties and conditions for crops and the mapping of the current state of agricultural cultivation activities. All this information helps researchers and farmers to assess the usefulness of land, predict the quantity and quality of crops in a given period, monitor seasonal changes, and implement national or regional aid systems to implement sustainable development policies.
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Recent weeks and the tragic events in Western Europe have shown how fundamental climate and weather are. The ability to obtain reliable information, correctly interpret forecasts and read signs in nature are becoming indispensable features of modern society. That is why we are glad that, as IMGW-PIB, we have conducted the first such extensive research in Poland on the knowledge of Polish women and Poles about weather phenomena, climate change, forecasts and natural hazards. Are Poles interested in weather forecasts? It is difficult to answer this question directly. However, we certainly have many fans of atmospheric phenomena that have significant meteorological and hydrological knowledge. The study clearly shows that we are interested in what happens now, tomorrow, what can happen in summer or winter, understand climate change, and know what we can do to reduce our negative impact on the environment. This is discussed today in the analysis of the IMGW-PIB Internet Survey 2021.
Since the beginning of the new year, IMGW-PIB has released a new testing system for fire danger forecasting dedicated to forest areas. Forecasts are made for the whole of Poland, on a grid with a spatial resolution of 2.5 x 2.5 km. They are prepared once a day at 12:00 UTC, with a time advance of 24 and 48 hours. This is the first forest fire danger forecasting system in Poland with high spatial resolution and such a long forecast period. The forest fire danger forecasting system was developed at the Meteorological Analysis and Long-Range Forecasts Office within the structures of the Meteorological Modeling Center of the IMGW-PIB. The meteorological data necessary for the calculations are supplied from the numerical weather model WRF METEOPG2.5 km, developed jointly by the IMGW-PIB and the Gdańsk University of Technology. The work and research undertaken was motivated by the high and non-decreasing number of forest fires in Poland for many years, which may increase in the future due to predicted global climate change.
According to the WHO, since 1998, more than 2 billion people worldwide have been affected by floods – directly or indirectly. The European Environment Agency reports that between 1980 and 2017, the economic losses due to floods in the European Union alone amounted to nearly 160 billion Euro. Besides the construction and development of flood prevention infrastructure, the risk management of floods is an important tool for combating floods. The most important element for assessing and verifying flood risks are the flood hazard maps and the flood risk maps, developed as part of the project by the consortium led by the IMGW-PIB.
Extreme weather phenomena take a rapid and often unpredictable course. Hazard information must therefore be accurate, fast, and legible. The Institute of Meteorology and Water Management – National Research Institute, based on the experience of the floods in 2010, developed and implemented a modern tool for operational work, which significantly improved and facilitated communication with public institutions. Nowadays, it is one of the essential elements of the national crisis management system and daily support for institutions performing various tasks in the field of water management.