Social and economic drivers need targeted improvements in weather, climate, water, oceanic and related environmental information and services. Climate variability and change and extreme environmental events are putting social and economic development at risk. The mitigation of such risks require better and more timely meteorological, hydrological, oceanographic and climate services to ensure the safety and security of populations and the development of adaptive economic strategies.
Responding to these risks is especially critical given population growth in vulnerable areas and an apparent increase in recent years in the intensity and frequency of extreme environmental events. At the same time, we need to ensure that society and policymakers are better informed of the impact of oceans on humankind and vice versa, while the future state of the oceans remains uncertain due to climate change.