Afghanistan’s development has been hampered through years of insecurity. It is extremely exposed to hydrometeorological hazards, which claimed the lives of nearly 15,000 from 1980 to 2015. Of these, 4,615 were due to flash floods and floods, according to the International Disaster Database Centre for research on the Epidemiology of Disasters (CRED), which have cost the country an estimated USD 396 million in economic losses. Associated landslides and avalanches are also a major problem.
To reduce the adverse effects of hydrometeorological hazards on vulnerable communities, WMO, the U.S. Agency for International Development/Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/OFDA) and Turkish State Meteorological Service (TSMS) have established a partnership to enhance the capacity of the Afghanistan Meteorological Department (AMD) to provide timely and accurate severe weather forecast and warnings, including flash floods.