Capacity Building of Afghanistan Meteorological Service for the Hydrometeorological Early Warnings

Donors:
  • U.S. Agency for International Development/The Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/OFDA)
Project Partners:
  • Hydrologic Research Center (HRC)
  • National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)

Flash floods are among the world’s deadliest natural disasters with more than 5,000 lives lost annually and result in significant social, economic and environmental impacts. Accounting for approximately 85% of flooding cases, flash floods also have the highest mortality rate (defined as the number of deaths per number of people affected) among different classes of flooding (e.g., riverine, coastal). They occur throughout the world and their time thresholds vary across regions from minutes to several hours depending on land surface, geomorphological and hydroclimatological characteristics of the region. 

As part of its implementation efforts in South Asia, the WMO Hydrology and Water Resources Programme, in cooperation with the Hydrologic Research Centre (HRC), is implementing the Flash Flash Flood Guidance System (FFGS) Project in Afghanistan to support capacity development activities and to allow for the provision of early warnings of hydro-meteorological hazards, including the strengthening of observing systems.