Women in weather, water and climate

Women in weather, water and climate

WMO encourages more women to become meteorologists and hydrologists. See the profiles of prominent female leaders in the WMO community, who work on building weather and climate resilient societies. 

At international, national and local levels, there is a drive to improve access for women to technology, information, science education and technical training and to strengthen the position of women scientists and technologists. Ensuring that women have equal access to science education and technology is an essential catalyst to ensure that the developers and users of weather, water and climate services provided by WMO and its Members serve the global community – men, women, boys, girls. This commitment strengthens the position of women as scientists, technologists and users of weather, water and climate services and fosters increased participation of women in weather and climate decision and policy-making.

Can women be successful in science? The overwhelmingly positive experience from the women interviewed below proves that they can. These women overcame obstacles to be the “first” women in many areas of their careers and to pave a way for others to follow. 

Breaking the Ice Ceiling: International Day of Women and Girls in Science

The International Day of Women and Girls in Science is marked on 11 February to improve access for women to technology, science education and technical training and to strengthen the position of female scientists and technologists. WMO actively encourages more women to become meteorologists, hydrologists, climate scientists and oceanographers and nurtures leadership talent through dedicated training workshops and conferences to help women break through the so-called glass ceiling.

Recent profiles of present and future leaders in weather, water and climate science

An-Ynaya Bintie Abdourazakou, Comoros

An-Ynaya Bintie Abdourazakou, ComorosMs An-Ynaya Bintie Abdourazakou is the Permanent Representative of Comoros with WMO and the Director of Meteorology at the National Agency for Civil Aviation and Meteorology (ANACM) in Comoros.  Having started her career as a teacher in mathematics and physics, she encourages young women to consider a career in science and to remember that it is not only a field for men. She further urges them to be strong, courageous and patient.  “Success is contingent upon our willingness to succeed,” says Ms Abdourazakou about her motto, adding that “what is done with love always turns out successful.”

Early on in her career, Ms Abdourazakou worked for the Agency for Air Safety in Africa and Madagascar as a meteorological agent at the Bandar Salama Mohéli Airport and at the Moroni Prince Saïd Ibrahim International Airport. Noticing a lack of qualified meteorological personnel on the archipelago island, Ms Abdourazakou thought she could make it her career. She continued to acquire new skills and knowledge by attending workshops on a variety of topics, from climatological software and aeronautical safety to pollution control technology and on the WMO Integrated Global Observing System. It was not long before Ms Abdourazakou was put in charge of climatology, environment and observations at the ANACM. She moved from there to her current post as Director of Meteorology in 2014.

Success is contingent upon our willingness to succeed. What is done with love always turns out successful.

Ms Abdourazakou holds a Master’s degree in Theoretical Physics and Meteorology from the Julius Nyerere University of Kankan, Guinea. She attributes her academic and professional success to the moral, physical and financial support of her husband as well as the encouragement received from her parents.

Vida Auguliene, Lithuania
Vida Auguliene, Lithuania“Meteorology is a rare profession – romantic and independent of political influence – which allows consistent and interesting work,” claims Vida Augulienė. As Director of the Lithuanian Hydrometeorological Service (LHS), Permanent Representative of Lithuania to WMO since 2006 and Vice-President of WMO Regional Association VI (Europe) since 2011, she is well placed to strongly recommend her choice of career to young women.

Ms Augulienė did her diploma studies at Vilnius University before holding various positions at the predecessor to the present-day LHS. In 1994, she became the Chief Specialist for Environmental Monitoring at the Environmental Protection Agency of the Ministry of Environment. She left that post in 2004 to become the Deputy Director of LHS. Ms Augulienė represents Lithuania at EUMETSAT (European Organization for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites), ECMWF (European Center for Medium range Weather Forecasting) and HIRLAM (High Resolution Limited Area Model). She has chaired the EUMETSAT Advisory Committee of Cooperating States since 2008. Over her career, she published several papers on ambient air quality as well as on meteorological issues, and coordinated various international and national projects and programmes.

If you love what you are doing, you will be successful. Real leaders are shaped to overcome challenges, control stress, sweat and practice.

She perceives her greatest achievements to be her contribution to the modernization of Lithuanian hydrometeorological infrastructure and services. Prior to modernization in 2005, only 43% of survey respondents thought weather forecast importing. In 2009, after some remarkable improvements, the number increased to 70%, and in 2012 to 86%.

“If you love what you are doing, you will be successful,” says Ms Augulienė. “Real leaders are shaped to overcome challenges, control stress, sweat and practice.”

Sue Barell, Australia

Sue Barell, AustraliaSue Barrell loved math and science when she was in school. When she started thinking about her career choices, ”Meteorology seemed to combine all the things I valued – and they happened to advertised for trainee meteorologists just at the right time!” She went on to earn a Ph.D. in Astronomy from the Australian National University, a Bachelor of Science in Physics from the University of Canterbury (New Zealand), a Graduate Diploma in Meteorology from the Bureau of Meteorology and to become a Graduate member of the Australian Institute of Company Directors.

Dr Barrell is now the Vice President of the WMO Commission for Basic Systems and Chair of the Inter-commission Coordination Group of the WMO Integrated Global Observing System (WIGOS). She served on the Australian Space Industry Innovation Council and is Australia’s Principal Delegate to the Group on Earth Observations (GEO). She is a member of the Australian Communications and Media Authority (ACMA) Radiocommunications Consultative Committee and sits on the Steering Committee of the Australian National Telescope Facility. Over the years, she has served as acting Deputy Director, Information Systems and Services, Chief Information Officer and as Assistant Director, Observations and Engineering, at the Bureau of Meteorology of Australia. Despite her many responsibilities, she considers herself very lucky to work in an organization that respects her as a person and a scientist.  The key to success for her is “Bringing together the things I loved doing and the challenge of learning something new every day.”

Becoming the first female meteorologist to win a senior executive role in the Bureau has helped me inspire others along the way.

Her biggest challenge has been “getting the right balance between work and my home life. But my family is usually good at reminding me of this!” Apart from her family, she regards winning a tiny slice of the IPCC’s Nobel Peace prize and being elected as a Fellow of the Australian Academy of Technological Sciences and Engineering in 2013 as her greatest achievements. In addition, “Becoming the first female meteorologist to win a senior executive role in the Bureau has helped me inspire others along the way.”

Dr Barrell recommends a career in meteorology to young women as it offers many opportunities. “It can move you from different roles within the organization and can take you around the world.” 

Gloria Ceballos, Dominican Republic

Gloria Ceballos, Dominican RepublicMs Gloria Ceballos is the first woman director of the National Meteorological Office (ONAMET) of the Dominican Republic.  She started her career at ONAMET in the early 1980s as an assistant forecaster in the Department of Climatology. During that time, she attended a course in meteorology which changed her life. “Our Tropical Meteorology teacher gave us an assignment. She told us to follow the evolution of an atmospheric disturbance which was occurring at that time. It turned out to be Hurricane David, category 5 on the Saffir-Simpson scale, which made landfall in the Dominican Republic”, says Ms Ceballos. She was only 21 years old at the time, and this experience sparked her passion for meteorology.

I knew that to achieve my objective I had to be better than my male colleagues and I tried to be one of the best.

In 1981–1982, Ms Ceballos completed a course in meteorology (WMO Class II) at the Complutense University, Madrid. She completed her civil engineering studies (hydraulics) at the Autonomous University of Santo Domingo while working at the Forecast Office of Las Americas International Airport. At the beginning of the 1980s, it was rather unusual for a woman to study civil engineering and meteorology at the same time. “I knew that to achieve my objective I had to be better than my male colleagues and I tried to be one of the best”, says Ms Ceballos.

Ms Ceballos’s advice to young scientists is to study with passion and without feeling intimidated and thinking about the salary. She explained, “The financial aspect was a major difficulty. When I graduated, meteorologists were not well paid in the Dominican Republic, and I had to find another source of income. Moreover, governments did not take meteorological services seriously.”

Ms Ceballos considers her becoming the Director of ONAMET and heading it for the last ten years to be one of her major achievements. She led a major transformation of the national meteorological service which, according to her, gained credibility with more than 90% of the population and enhanced the reputation of meteorology as a profession. Furthermore, she managed to get young people interested in the field and helped more than 50 of them enroll in professional trainings at basic and intermediate levels. Today, these young meteorologists work in various technical departments of the institution. Ms Ceballos believes it is important to create links with local universities to encourage research in the field. She has been a university professor for 27 years at the Pedro Henríquez Ureña National University (UNPHU) and is currently teaching at the Technological University (UTESA) in Santiago de los Caballeros.

Laura Furgione, United States of America

Laura Furgione, United States of America“I grew up on a five-generation farm in Missouri, so I understood the importance of accurate weather information very early,” explained Laura Furgione. “Weather impacts everyone and everything. There is no other field that has such a broad and diverse mission.”

Ms Furgione obtained a Bachelor of Science Degree in Atmospheric Science from the University of Missouri-Columbia and a Master of Public Administration Degree from the University of Alaska-Southeast. “I found my options unlimited, there are so many geographical choices of employment. If you don't restrict yourselves geographically, the opportunities are endless.”

I grew up on a five-generation farm in Missouri, so I understood the importance of accurate weather information very early. Weather impacts everyone and everything. There is no other field that has such a broad and diverse mission.

Ms Laura K. Furgione is the former Deputy Assistant Administrator for Weather Services and Deputy Director of the National Weather Service (NWS), both part of the Unites States National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA).  In this role, she was responsible for the day-to-day civilian weather operations for the United States, its territories, adjacent waters and ocean areas. She was the proud recipient of two NOAA Administrator’s Awards in 2011 – one for NOAA’s Arctic Vision and Strategy and another for developing NOAA’s Strategy Execution and Evaluation system. 

Being passionate and curious about what one does is the key to success for Laura Furgione. “I always asked a lot of questions and got involved in as many activities as possible.”

Sri Woro Budiati Harijono, Indonesia

Sri Woro Budiati Harijono, IndonesiaDr Ir. Sri Woro B. Harijono was the first woman Director General of the Agency for Meteorology Climatology and Geophysics of Indonesia (BMKG). From 2010 to 2014, she was also the President of WMO Regional Association V (South West Pacific). Today, Dr. Harijono is an advisor to the Minister of Transportation of the Republic of Indonesia on Meteorology Climatology and Geophysics. “There is nothing that can’t be achieved, it is just a matter of deciding if you want to do it or not,” asserts Dr Harijono.

My responsibility required me to gain in depth understanding of cloud microphysics processes, which I thought very unique, yet fascinating.

Having obtained a doctoral degree in atmospheric sciences from the Institute of Technology Bandung (ITB), Dr Harijono started her career as a Coordinator of the Weather Modification Program at the Agency for Assessment and Application of Technology in 1985. “My responsibility required me to gain in depth understanding of cloud microphysics processes, which I thought very unique, yet fascinating.” She remained in that post until 1999 when she became Deputy of the Research and Technology Program of the Ministry of Research and Technology. She left that position to become Deputy of Data from 2004 to 2005 in the agency that would thereafter be renamed BMKG.

She believes her greatest accomplishment was the development of the Indonesian Tsunami Early Warning System (InaTEWS) and the Tropical Cyclone Warning Centre. But BKMG also recognizes the important contributions she made to the creation the Weather and Climate Warning Centre and the Division for Research and Development. She is proudest of her son and daughter, both are medical doctors.

To young women embarking a career she recommends to “be a lifelong learner“ but also “to balance your private life and your work.”

Agnes Kijazi, Tanzania

Agnes Kijazi, TanzaniaDr Agnes Kijazi rose from the lowest ranks of National Meteorological Service in the United Republic of Tanzania, which she joined in 1987 as a meteorological assistant, to be the Director General. She is the first woman in the East African Region to hold such a post and to be elected to the WMO Executive Council.

A desire to further help her country to better cope with extreme weather events motivated Ms Kijazi to join the undergraduate program in Meteorology at the University of Nairobi in 1996.  She completed her Bachelor of Science in 2000, and went on to do a Master’s in Environmental Science at the University of Cape Town in 2004. She earned her Doctorate in Meteorology at the University of Cape Town in 2008.

Unfortunately, women are discouraged from choosing scientific studies in Africa. They should not be. Instead, they should look at the women that have succeeded in these fields and know they can make it too.

Her career has brought her personal satisfaction, however, Dr Kijazi is most gratified to have paved a way for young women in science. “Unfortunately, women are discouraged from choosing scientific studies in Africa. They should not be. Instead, they should look at the women that have succeeded in these fields and know they can make it too,” urged Dr. Kijazi.

The key to success “is not only hard work, but also support from family and relatives” stated Dr. Kijazi who was married when she started her studies. “It turned out to be very important,” she said smiling.

Nadia Pinardi, Italy

Nadia Pinardi, ItalyProfessor Nadia Pinardi is passionate about science and its usefulness for society, so her decision to have a career in physics and mathematics was logical. “I like to understand the laws of nature. It is like artistic inspiration, providing a new vision of nature.”

Today, Pr Pinardi holds a Ph.D. in Applied Physics from Harvard University and is an associate Professor of Oceanography at Bologna University, Italy. She directs the Operational Oceanography Group of the Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia and is co-president of the Joint Committee for Oceanography and Marine Meteorology (JCOMM) of IOC-UNESCO (Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) and WMO. Professor Pinardi is a member of both the European Environment Agency Scientific Advisory Committee and the European Research Council for Earth Sciences, and was awarded the European Geophysical Union Fridtjof Nansen Medal for Oceanography in 2007 and the Roger Revelle Unesco Medal in 2008.

Pr Pinardi claims the key to success is “hard work because even geniuses have to work hard. And luck because I was lucky to find people who cared about my education and gave me a research topic so visionary that I built an entire career on it,” she explains.

She is proudest “to have started the field of ocean forecasting, down to the operational service design and implementation.” Though she claims that to be her greatest achievement, she insists that her biggest challenge was “to reconcile private and working life – bringing-up a family and having a career in scientific research.” Twisting the old saying to her personal experience she notes that, “Behind a great woman, there is always a caring man!”

The key to success is hard work because even geniuses have to work hard. And luck because I was lucky to find people who cared about my education and gave me a research topic so visionary that I built an entire career on it.

Her recommendation for young women starting a career in Applied Physics is “to look for people and institutions that have the highest level of scientific achievements and that have a mission.”

Kornélia Radics, Hungary

Kornélia Radics, HungaryMs Kornélia Radics is the first female President of the Hungarian Meteorological Service (OMSZ). She also serves as Permanent Representative of Hungary with WMO.

Recalling the time she started her scientific career, Ms Radics exclaims, “Geoscience was my passion!” She studied at the Eötvös Loránd University in Budapest, where she obtained a Masters degree in Meteorology (1997), a Masters degree in Astronomy (1999), and her doctoral degree in Earth Sciences (2004). “My key to success was to take on the challenge of winning high-level state scholarships in my early years,” she acknowledges, noting that “meteorology has plenty of beautiful opportunities for researchers.” Her personal interests focus on wind forecasting, wind energy, climate change, and renewable energy sources.

The main challenge in my life is to balance my family life with two small daughters and my responsibilities at work. It is a demanding, but gratifying task for me.

In 2001, Ms Radics became senior meteorologist at the Meteorological Service of the Hungarian Defence Forces. Six years later, she became the Deputy Head of the Weather Forecast and Training Department of the Geoinformation Service of the Hungarian Defence Forces. She held this role until 2013 when she assumed the presidency of the Hungarian Meteorological Service.  “The main challenge in my life,” recognizes Ms Radics “is to balance my family life with two small daughters and my responsibilities at work. It is a demanding, but gratifying task for me.”

Since 2014, Ms Radics is Associate President of the Hungarian Meteorological Society where she also served as Secretary-General in 2010-2014. Her recommendation to young female scientists is to believe in their potential.

Federica Rossi, Italy

Federica Rossi, Italy“If you do what you like it will be more interesting, and you will reach better results,” says Federica to young female scientists. She followed her own advice in her career. Fascinated by research, Federica Rossi earned a Ph.D. in Agricultural Science at the University of Bologna then dedicated her career to agriculture meteorology, a field she knew would have a big impact on people’s lives.

“Being a researcher is a hard job, but you need to be a 360° person and not only a scientist,” says Ms Rossi. The various areas in which she is active certainly prove that:

  • Senior Researcher at the Italian National Research Council, Institute of Biometeorology (IBIMET), leading the working team on Micrometeorology, Ecophysiology and Productivity of Natural and Agricultural Systems;
  • Representative of Italy in the International Society Horticultural Science;
  • Representatitve of Italy on the Management Committee of the Cost Action 734 “Impacts of Climate Change and Variability on European Agriculture” and of the Cost Action 718 “Meteorological Applications in Agriculture” (COST is one of the longest-running European frameworks supporting cooperation among scientists and researchers across Europe);
  • Member of the Editorial Board of the Italian Journal of Agrometeorology;
  • Web Editor and founding Member of the International Society of Agrometeorology;
  • Vice-Director of the Fabbrica del Futuro, a Project of the Italian Ministry of Education and Research to improve the competitiveness of the Italian industry and of products branded “Made in Italy” within the global context; and
  • Vice-President of WMO Commission for Agricultural Meteorology (CAgM) since 2010.

The hardest challenge for a researcher like her is “the huge amount of time to be spent in finding money” she says. However, she believes that success takes dedication and bit of fantasy. She encourages young people to “dedicate time to others and to support people working with you.” She urges them to keep a positive attitude and to work in teams. “Do not be afraid to fight for your ideas, but respect the ideas of others.”

Andrea Celeste Saulo, Argentina

Andrea Celeste Saulo, ArgentinaDr Andrea Celeste Saulo is the Permanent Representative (PR) of Argentina with WMO. She also serves on the Scientific Steering Committee of the World Weather Research Programme. Through her work as PR, she believes she has discovered “another dimension of meteorology – what observers and forecasters do on a daily basis.” She is happy to contribute in making their work more visible and helping them to perform their job in better conditions. She is also particularly pleased to make the voice of her country, Argentina, and that of Latin America heard at on the international stage.

Meteorology offered me the opportunity to study physics in a more practical and less abstract manner, closer to everyday life.

Dr Saulo obtained her PhD in atmospheric sciences at the University of Buenos Aires in 1996. Her research interests focused on synoptic meteorology, surface-atmosphere interactions and short- to medium-range predictability over South America. In the last few years, she deepened her activity on interdisciplinary problems such as wind energy production, agricultural applications and early warning systems. “I have always loved mathematics and physics,” she says. “Meteorology offered me the opportunity to study physics in a more practical and less abstract manner, closer to everyday life.” 

She recalls that “dedicating oneself to science was a complex thing in Argentina in 1990-2002. Salaries were extremely low and there were no opportunities for research grants. It took family support and much perseverance.”

Dr Saulo feels very satisfied with her academic and scientific career. She was full-time Professor of Atmospheric Sciences at the University of Buenos Aires and a research scientist at the Centre for Atmospheric and Ocean Research of the Argentina National Council of Sciences. She has authored and co-authored more than 40 peer-reviewed scientific journal articles, and supervises many students both at the undergraduate and graduate level. “What I most enjoy is working with students -- teaching classes, conducting research and guiding their theses.” Her advice to young female scientists is to follow their intuition, pursue their passions, and not be afraid of competition or failure. “Try again: if you are convinced that this is the way to go and if you work with professionalism, the results will eventually materialize.”

Keti Savvidou, Cyprus

Keti Savvidou, CyprusMs Keti Savvidou is the Permanent Representative of Cyprus with WMO and Acting Director of the Department of Meteorology of the Republic of Cyprus since May 2015.  Ms Savvidou’s career in meteorology started “accidentally.” Having obtained a Bachelor’s degree in Physics and a Master’s degree in Electronics and Radio Technology, she began looking for a job and was offered a position at the Meteorological Service as a Meteorological Assistant in 1983. It was there that she discovered that it was a very interesting and fascinating science. “The weather is always changing,” says Ms Savvidou, “and you never know what you are going to get.”  A year later, she started working as a weather forecaster for the Aviation, Marine and General Public at the Larnaca Airport.

I was the only female amongst all the male forecasters,” she recalls, “and I also had to work hard to find a balance between my family and my career.

In 2009, Ms Savvidou joined the managerial team of the Department of Meteorology where she remains today.  She considers her main achievements to be the implementation of a Quality Management System ISO 9001:2008 for the services provided by the Department as well as the National Supervising Authority Certification for service provision to civil aviation in accordance with European regulations.

Barbara Tapia, Chile

Barbara Tapia, ChileWhen living close to the border between the United States of America and Canada, Barbara Tapia experienced extreme weather conditions for the first time. Marked by the experience, Ms Tapia decided to embark in a career in meteorology, “I thought that I would be able to better understand the dynamics of the atmospheric conditions that I had experienced. It was the best decision!” She holds a Bachelor Degree in Meteorology and a Masters Degree in Management and Public Policy.

Ms Tapia, a Senior Meteorologist at the Chilean Meteorological Service, is currently stationed at the Pacific Regional Meteorological Centre on Easter Island. In 2014, she was elected Vice-President of the WMO Commission of Climatology (CCl).  During her career, she led the Working Group on Climate Services for South America, coordinated the implementation processes of two WMO Regional Climate Centres in the South America region and carried out other climate activities. In 2002, Ms. Tapia spent a year working for the WMO World Climate Programme.

I thought that I would be able to better understand the dynamics of the atmospheric conditions that I had experienced. It was the best decision!

Her work on climate issues has earned her recognition at the regional and international levels. She is also very proud to be the first female representative from South America elected as Vice-President of CCl.

Ms Tapia claims that success came from perseverance and always wanting to accomplish “something more” than others. But it wasn’t always easy. “Unfortunately, we women still need to go the extra mile to prove our abilities,” observed Ms Tapia. “I would recommend that young women scientists remain open-minded, because there are several different areas in which to develop one’s career in the meteorological field.”

Marriane Thyrring, Denmark

Marianne ThyrringMarianne Thyrring is the Permanent Representative of Denmark with WMO and the current Director General of the Danish Meteorological Institute (DMI). She has over 20 years of experience in the field of environment and climate policy, including as Deputy Head of Cabinet for the Danish Commissioner for Environment at the European Commission and most recently as Permanent Secretary of the Ministry of Environment.

A trained political scientist, Ms Thyrring has also worked for many years in various leadership positions.  Her interest in assuming the role of DMI Director General was largely driven by the high level of complexity involved, the relevance of the services provided and the need to develop new strategies and organizational models.  In this capacity, she considers her major achievements to be in the area of research and development, free data policy, modern technology and high performance computing, all with the ultimate goal of providing Danish citizens with relevant and reliable information on weather and climate issues.

Ms Thyrring’s greatest challenge was working in a predominantly male world in which she was expected to perform at least 10% better than her male colleagues.  She further observed that a lot of women find it difficult to freely express their ambitions and wishes, waiting to be “found” or “made.”  Her advice to them is “to follow their dreams” and expand their knowledge whenever and wherever possible.  It is not important at which point of their careers young women start working in management.  What matters is “feeling the thrill of taking responsibility and driving changes as products of good leadership.”

Bringing up three successful children and combining family life with an interesting career are Ms Thyrring’s greatest achievements. She cautions young female colleagues against assuming responsibility for everything as it will make their careers suffer.  Female professionals need to make sure that their domestic obligations are shared with their spouses.  They should further be clear on what they want in life and their career. 

In her spare time, Ms Thyrring loves cycling, running and swimming. She also enjoys theatre, music and literature, especially political biographies and stories concerning women and their different ways of living.

Štefanija Tomaic, Croatia

Ms Štefanija Tomaic (née Vukušić) is a former meteorologist at the Zavižan station on Mount Velebit, the highest in Croatia at 1 594 meters. Attracted to meteorology at a young age, she began her career at 18 and was the only female to work at the station in its history. From 1972 to 1976, Ms Tomaic worked in harsh and solitary conditions. She would often spot wolves in the distance and find traces of bears. The howling wind, endless fog and lightning and storms were hair rising and would chill her bones. “It’s no place for a woman up there!” were comments she often received.

Even before deciding to work at the Zavizan station, many told her it was not a fitting job for a woman, however, the negativity and her love for the work only reinforced her desire to continue pursuing her dream. “It may look like something terrifying, but while you are doing it, it’s not a big deal. You don’t feel afraid or suffer any hardship.”

During her time at the Zavizan station, Ms Tomaic was responsible for taking measurements and phoning in her report to the Croatian Meteorological and Hydrological Service in Zagreb. It took a three-hour climb to reach the station, then two hours to come down. Since the standard measurement times were at 07:00, 14:00 and 21:00, she had to be up and going often before 04:00 and until at least 22:00, which left little time for sleep. Between her various duties –measurements, observations, administration – she would find time to write, paint on glass and read.

In addition to the knowledge required, it is important to have a big heart, an iron will and great love for the work...

After the birth of her third son, her growing family commitments led Ms Tomaic to resign from the Zavizan station. Although she is currently retired and living in a village in the Northern Velebit National Park, she is still active in meteorology, taking daily care of the rain gauge station of the Croatian Meteorological and Hydrological Service in Krasno. She has also been sharing her love for meteorology with her grandchildren and hopes that one of them may follow in her footsteps one day.

Ms Tomaic encourages young people who are interested and enthusiastic about meteorology to study, but makes it clear that education is not the only requirement for this field. “In addition to the knowledge required, it is important to have a big heart, an iron will and great love for the work, especially if your intention is to work in the mountains where it gets crowded in the summer but there is virtually no one in the winter.”

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