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The Services Commission contributes to the development and implementation of globally harmonized weather, climate, water, ocean and environment related services and applications to enable informed decision making and realization of socioeconomic benefits by all user communities and society as a whole.
The Infrastructure Commission contributes to the development and implementation of globally coordinated systems for acquiring, processing, transmitting and disseminating Earth system observations, and related standards; coordination of the production and use of standardized analysis and model forecast fields; and development and implementation of sound data and information management practices for all WMO Programmes and their associated application and services areas.
The WMO Reform package approved by the Eighteenth World Meteorological Congress in June 2019 supports the science to services process and integrates observations in an Earth system approach to produce a wide range of multihazard weather, climate, water and ocean services. In so doing, it broadens the opportunities for the whole WMO community and individual experts from the public, private and academic sector to contribute to the work of the Organization.
Based on the recommendations of the Joint WMO-IOC Consultation Group on the Reform of JCOMM (Joint WMO-IOC Technical Commission for Oceanography and Marine Meteorology) established by WMO Executive Council-70 and IOC EC-51 in June 2018, Congress 18, through Resolution 9 (Cg-18), and the 30th IOC Assembly, through Resolution XXX-2, established the Joint WMO-IOC Collaborative Board.
The Research Board translates the strategic aims of WMO and decisions of Executive Council and Congress into overarching research priorities, and ensures the implementation and coordination of the research programmes to achieve these priorities in accordance with the purposes of Organization defined in Article 2(f) of the Convention.
The WMO Regional Office for Europe is responsible for the coordination of meteorological, hydrological and related activities within Europe (Region VI). It covers 51 Member States, over 20 of which are countries in transition. It is headquartered at the World Meteorological Organization in Geneva, Switzerland.
The El Niño/Southern Oscillation has a major influence on climate patterns in various parts of the world. This naturally occurring phenomenon involves fluctuating ocean temperatures in the central and eastern equatorial Pacific, coupled with changes in the atmosphere. Scientific progress on the understanding and modelling of this phenomenon has improved prediction skills to within a range of one to nine months in advance, giving society the opportunity to prepare for associated hazards such as heavy rains, floods and drought.
https://public.wmo.int/en/governance-reform The Secretariat is headed by the Secretary-General, who is appointed by the World Meteorological Congress for a four-year term with a maximum tenure of 8 years. The Secretary-General has the responsibility to appoint all Secretariat staff, including the Deputy Secretary-General and the Assistant Secretary-General, in accordance with regulations established by Congress, and with the approval of the Executive Council.