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Publish Date: 24 August 2016
The Republic of Vanuatu has created its Framework for Climate Services, making it the first Pacific Island nation to reach this milestone. The successful provision of climate information and services is a challenge for many Pacific Island nations, which may be hindered by social, financial and infrastructure issues. Vanuatu faces such realities, compounded by resource constraints, significant geographic isolation between and within its more than 80 islands, and over 80% of its population living in rural areas.
Publish Date: 9 June 2016
As the world’s climate changes, hazards to human health are increasing. Droughts, floods and cyclones affect the health of millions of people each year. There is also a close relationship between climate and diseases such as diarrhea, malaria, meningitis and respiratory ailments, which cause death and suffering for many millions more. Fortunately, scientific advances have increased the range and accuracy of climate services that can be effectively used to protect public health from extreme weather and climate. These are showcased in a new collection of case studies from the World...
Publish Date: 8 June 2016
“Health Oceans, Healthy Planet” is the theme of World Oceans Day on 8 June, reflecting the vital role of oceans in sustaining life on earth. “We don’t need to be reminded of the challenges we currently face with a changing climate: the impacts on the ocean are clear: sea level rise, eroding coastlines, warmer waters and ocean acidification,” said World Meteorological Organization Secretary-General Petteri Taalas. “We are currently witnessing unprecedented coral bleaching, which may be endangering some of the world’s best-known coral reefs. The powerful El Niño event and long-term global...
Publish Date: 18 May 2016
Human activity has increased the direct warming effect of carbon dioxide (CO₂) in the atmosphere by 50 percent above pre-industrial levels during the past 25 years, according to NOAA's 10th Annual Greenhouse Gas Index . In 2015, the global average CO₂ concentration reached 399 parts per million, increasing by a record amount of almost 3 ppm. From the end of the Ice Age to the beginning of the industrial era, atmospheric carbon dioxide remained remarkably stable at 278 ppm.
Publish Date: 17 March 2016
Just over a month after launch, Jason-3, a U.S.-European oceanography satellite mission with NASA participation, has produced its first complete science map of global sea surface height, capturing the current signal of the 2015-16 El Niño. The map was generated from the first 10 days of data collected once Jason-3 reached its operational orbit of 1,336 kilometers on Feb. 12. It shows the continuing evolution of the ongoing El Niño event that began early last year.