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Water stress, water-related hazards and water quality pose increasing challenges to modern society. And yet, the capacity to monitor and manage this vital resource is fragmented and inadequate. Billions of people around the world also feel the impact of climate change through water.
Natural hazards are severe and extreme weather and climate events that occur in all parts of the world, although some regions are more vulnerable to certain hazards than others. Natural hazards become disasters when people’s lives and livelihoods are destroyed.
In many parts of the world, flooding is a major problem. In the period from 1970 to 2012, storms and floods caused over one million deaths. Flood plains are often attractive areas for human development and a vast share of the world’s population depends, whether directly or indirectly, on a number of key natural resources that are generally provided by floodplains.
Competency frameworks will be introduced into the WMO Technical Regulations, which define standards and recommended practices for services and for taking observations and creating, sharing and accessing meteorological, climatologic and hydrological data. Institutions supplying education and training opportunities to the personnel of National Meteorological and Hydrological Services are also encouraged to adjust their training courses and programmes to better support the competency frameworks.
Floods are the most common natural hazards with the largest impacts on society. Although exceptionally devastating floods distort the trend, flood impact records show that the number of related fatalities...