The very hot and exceptionally long summer of 2018 only came to an end in the last third of September after severe autumn storms. However, before this, a further series of high-pressure areas in the first two thirds of the month brought very high temperatures, plenty of sunshine and a continuation of the extreme drought. This is what the initial analysis by the Deutscher Wetterdienst (DWD) of data from its around 2,000 weather stations shows.
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It was almost like being on the Mediterranean, when this year heat, lack of rainfall and plenty of sun created conditions in Germany that equalled holiday des-tinations in southern Europe. June started with sultry air, bringing severe thunderstorms to some places. Around the middle of the month, however, high pressure systems over north-western Europe brought dry weather and generally pleasant temperatures. From the end of July, the high pressure moved eastwards, allowing the hot air over southern Europe to spread to Germa-ny almost until the end of August. Continuous sunshine and extremely high temperatures with a lack of rainfall caused catastrophic drought in many areas, particularly in central, northern and eastern Germany, and established many regional records. This is what the initial analysis by the Deutscher Wetterdienst (DWD) of data from its around 2,000 weather stations shows.
August 2018 was another month in the sequence of extremely warm, excessively dry and unusually sunny months that began in April 2018. This made the period April to August 2018 the warmest, sunniest and also one of the driest since regular measurements first started. In many places, there were new station records. The effects for nature and agriculture were catastrophic in many regions. This is what the initial analysis by the Deutscher Wetterdienst (DWD) of data from its around 2,000 weather stations shows.
Overall a cold March – snow again in the north and east
Offenbach, 29 March 2018 – At the start of the month, Germany was under the influence of a generally dry but very cold easterly flow. Hardly any low pressure systems arrived from the Atlantic in the west. The start of the second third of the month temporarily showed some tentative signs of spring before a high pressure system moving south from the Arctic again brought very wintry conditions on an icy north-easterly wind. During the last ten days of the month, the high pressure moved away and was replaced by low pressure areas bringing milder, moister air from the west. Overall, March was cold and somewhat too dry with al-most balanced sunshine. This is what the initial analysis by the Deutscher Wetterdienst (DWD) of data from its around 2,000 weather stations shows.
Exceptionally sunny and dry, frequently with sharp frost
Offenbach, 27 February 2018 – In February, there was a complete change in the weather in Europe. High air pressure increasingly built up over northern and eastern Europe, with the result that Atlantic low pressure troughs could generally no longer pass freely over central Europe. Precipitation in Germany decreased significantly and the sun appeared more often. During the day, the sun continued to produce...