我们的工作

我们的工作

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WMO会员的国家气象和水文部门日以继夜地工作,提供世界各地重要的天气和气候信息。它们对灾害性天气、空气质量波动以及气候变率和变化做出的早期可靠预警使决策者、各团体以及个人能够为应对此类事件做出更好的准备。它们所做的预警有助于挽救生命财产、保护资源与环境,并保障社会经济增长。

在所有灾害中,与天气、气候和水相关的灾害占近90%。WMO通过其会员提供有关此类灾害的预报和早期预警,以便通过更好的风险管理,帮助防灾减灾、挽救生命、减轻对财产及环境的损害。WMO还致力于降低森林火灾、火山灰喷发的影响以及与化学及核事故等相关的人为灾害的影响。

WMO在国际环境监测和保护工作中发挥着主导作用。它使全球都在关注臭氧层的损耗、气候变率和变化及其影响、水资源萎缩以及空气质量和水质等问题。

WMO还与其会员的国家气象和水文部门以及联合国其它机构开展合作,支持落实各项环境公约,并帮助就相关事宜向各政府提供咨询和评估。

这些活动有助于确保各国的可持续发展和福祉。

我们的核心工作

观测资料

观测资料是我们了解地球系统 – 大气、海洋、淡水水体、陆地和生物圈 – 如何形成天气、气候和水文的关键。目前,每天有10000多个人工和自动地面气象站、1000多个高空站、7000多艘船舶、100多个系留浮标和1000多个漂流浮标、数百部天气雷达和3000多架特殊装备的商用飞机对大气、陆地和海洋表面的关键参数进行测量。
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能力开发

通过开发和加强人力资源、技术及机构能力以及基础设施,WMO帮助提高国家气象和水文部门履行其使命的能力,特别是针对发展中国家、最不发达国家和小岛屿发展中国家和地区。
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资料交换和技术转让

WMO各中心与全球各会员的国家气象和水文部门之间实时或近实时、免费地交换观测资料、信息和反演产品。
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研究

WMO组织协调国际研究计划,以提高其会员改进天气、气候、水和环境观测、预测、服务提供的能力以及改进对区域和全球环境状况的科学评估能力。
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应用服务

天气、气候和水影响着农业和渔业、能源、运输、卫生、保险、体育、旅游等许多社会经济行业。WMO旨在促进将气象、气候、水文和海洋信息应用于所有人类活动。本组织还通过全球气候服务框架,优先制作针对农业和粮食安全、减轻灾害风险、能源行业、卫生以及水资源管理等领域的气候信息产品和服务。
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Our core work

observations

Observations

Observations are key to our understanding of how the Earth system – the atmosphere, oceans, freshwater bodies, land and the biosphere – shapes our weather, climate and hydrology. Currently, well over 10 000 manned and automatic surface weather stations, 1 000 upper-air stations, 7 000 ships, 100 moored and 1 000 drifting buoys, hundreds of weather radars and 3 000 specially equipped commercial aircraft measure key parameters of the atmosphere, land and ocean surface every day.
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WMO/Capacity development/Flickr

Capacity development

WMO assists in developing the capacity of National Meteorological and Hydrological Services to deliver on their mission by developing and improving human resource as well as technical and institutional capacities and infrastructure, particularly in developing, least developed and small island developing states and territories.
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WMO/Data exchange/Flickr

Data exchange and technology transfer

Observational data, information and derived products are freely exchanged in real-time or near real-time between WMO centres and National Meteorological and Hydrological Services of Members around the world.
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Research

WMO coordinates and organizes international research programmes to enhance the ability of its Members to improve weather, climate, water and environmental observations, prediction, service delivery and scientific assessments of regional and global environmental conditions.
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Application services

Weather, climate and water impact on agriculture and fisheries, energy, transport, health, insurance, sports, tourism and many more socio-economic sectors. WMO promotes the application of meteorological, climatological, hydrological and oceanographic information on all human activities. The Organization has also prioritized the production of climate information products and services for agriculture and food security, disaster risk reduction, the energy sector, health and the management of water resources through the Global Framework for Climate Services.
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